Sixty years ago, on July 11, 1961, an extraordinary state visit took place to Mount Vernon, the home of the first President of the Americas, George Washington. It was a summit meeting that still resonates today.
It was First Lady Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy who designed the Mount Vernon summit between her husband John F. Kennedy and Pakistani President Mohammad Ayub Khan. It was inspired by the Kennedys’ visit to the Habsburg Schnbrunn Palace in Vienna earlier in the year. She quietly approached the managers of the Mount Vernon estate, who eagerly accepted to welcome the Pakistanis. She also asked Tiffanys jewelry store to provide the flowers and decorations for the dinner.
Pakistan was an important partner of the United States in 1961, bound by treaty to the containment of the Soviet Union and China. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) carried out U2 surveillance flights from Pakistani bases to monitor China’s emerging nuclear arsenal. The CIA also secretly supported Tibetan rebels fighting for the independence of an air base in what was then East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
Ayub Khan had just suspended Pakistani cooperation with the covert Tibet operation because Kennedy had promised India significant economic aid and signaled that a closer relationship with New Delhi was coming. The Pakistani dictator was against a closer American relationship with India. The end of the operation in Tibet was a low-key, behind-the-scenes way of expressing unease with the Kennedys leaning towards India.
At the request of Central Intelligence Director Allen Dulles, JFK took Ayub Khan for a private one-on-one walk in the mansion garden and asked the Pakistani leader to reopen the airbase for secret refueling flights to the rebels in Tibet. Ayub Khan agreed but asked for a commitment that no US military equipment would ever be supplied to India without prior consultation with Pakistan. Kennedy agreed.
The dinner was a great success. The best and brightest of the new administration were there. The main course was a hunter chicken prepared at the White House and then reheated in a portable military kitchen in the mansion grounds.
The following spring, Ms. Kennedy visited India and Pakistan. It was a first lady’s first overseas trip alone in the television age. She dazzled viewers everywhere, including at home.
In October 1962, at the height of the Cuban missile crisis, China invaded India. As I wrote in my book JFKs Forgotten Crisis: Tibet, the CIA, and the Sino-Indian War, Kennedy has dealt with two huge and dangerous crises on either side of the globe. The Indians called in American arms, Kennedy ignored his promise to Ayub Khan, and a massive supply of arms poured into India. Moreover, Kennedy made it clear that the United States will not tolerate Pakistani attempts to take advantage of India’s predicament in disputed Kashmir. The president was aided in the management of the perilous crisis by his personal relationship with Ayub Khan established in Mount Vernon.
At the height of the crisis, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru called on Kennedy for American fighters, bombers and their crews to join the fight against the Chinese. It was a capital demand. The United States would join a war with China. Before Kennedy had to respond, the Chinese announced a unilateral ceasefire.
The 1962 crisis set in motion the momentum that would lead decades later to today’s geopolitics with the United States aligned with India and Pakistan aligned with China. He helped start the nuclear arms race in Asia. The crisis is echoing today throughout Asia.
Today Pakistan is the fifth most populous country in the world, with one of the most active nuclear weapons programs. It is China’s closest and most important ally. Relations with India remain strained. Very immediately, Pakistan supports the Taliban offensive designed to overthrow the Afghan government in Kabul after the US withdrawal, although it publicly declares that it wants a political solution, not a military victory for the Taliban. The Pakistani military provides the Taliban with refuge, weapons, training and logistical support that are essential to their ability to operate.
President Joe Biden has yet to speak to Prime Minister Imran Khan since taking office. Imran Khan recently spoke publicly of Islamabad’s close ties to Beijing, praising him as a role model and defending his oppression of his Uyghur Muslims. Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin has spoken to Pakistan Army Chief of Staff Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa more than once, but has yet to meet him in person. For the Afghan withdrawal, it is probably too late to change Pakistani policy and support the Taliban. The puzzle is why the administration does not engage more actively with this important country.
The mention sources can contact us to remove/changing this article
What Are The Main Benefits Of Comparing Car Insurance Quotes Online
LOS ANGELES, CA / ACCESSWIRE / June 24, 2020, / Compare-autoinsurance.Org has launched a new blog post that presents the main benefits of comparing multiple car insurance quotes. For more info and free online quotes, please visit https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/the-advantages-of-comparing-prices-with-car-insurance-quotes-online/ The modern society has numerous technological advantages. One important advantage is the speed at which information is sent and received. With the help of the internet, the shopping habits of many persons have drastically changed. The car insurance industry hasn't remained untouched by these changes. On the internet, drivers can compare insurance prices and find out which sellers have the best offers. View photos The advantages of comparing online car insurance quotes are the following: Online quotes can be obtained from anywhere and at any time. Unlike physical insurance agencies, websites don't have a specific schedule and they are available at any time. Drivers that have busy working schedules, can compare quotes from anywhere and at any time, even at midnight. Multiple choices. Almost all insurance providers, no matter if they are well-known brands or just local insurers, have an online presence. Online quotes will allow policyholders the chance to discover multiple insurance companies and check their prices. Drivers are no longer required to get quotes from just a few known insurance companies. Also, local and regional insurers can provide lower insurance rates for the same services. Accurate insurance estimates. Online quotes can only be accurate if the customers provide accurate and real info about their car models and driving history. Lying about past driving incidents can make the price estimates to be lower, but when dealing with an insurance company lying to them is useless. Usually, insurance companies will do research about a potential customer before granting him coverage. Online quotes can be sorted easily. Although drivers are recommended to not choose a policy just based on its price, drivers can easily sort quotes by insurance price. Using brokerage websites will allow drivers to get quotes from multiple insurers, thus making the comparison faster and easier. For additional info, money-saving tips, and free car insurance quotes, visit https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/ Compare-autoinsurance.Org is an online provider of life, home, health, and auto insurance quotes. This website is unique because it does not simply stick to one kind of insurance provider, but brings the clients the best deals from many different online insurance carriers. In this way, clients have access to offers from multiple carriers all in one place: this website. On this site, customers have access to quotes for insurance plans from various agencies, such as local or nationwide agencies, brand names insurance companies, etc. "Online quotes can easily help drivers obtain better car insurance deals. All they have to do is to complete an online form with accurate and real info, then compare prices", said Russell Rabichev, Marketing Director of Internet Marketing Company. CONTACT: Company Name: Internet Marketing CompanyPerson for contact Name: Gurgu CPhone Number: (818) 359-3898Email: [email protected]: https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/ SOURCE: Compare-autoinsurance.Org View source version on accesswire.Com:https://www.Accesswire.Com/595055/What-Are-The-Main-Benefits-Of-Comparing-Car-Insurance-Quotes-Online View photos
to request, modification Contact us at Here or [email protected]