Porang factories are now on the rise and are in the spotlight of the national and international community. In fact, President Joko Widodo has stated that porang later will be a substitute for rice in the future.
This expectation is in line with its growth prospects in Indonesia. In fact, previously this plant grew in the wild as it was still rarely known, so there was no cultivation effort. But now many farmers are starting to market the growing porang tubers in Indonesia.
Getting to know Porang
By definition, the porang itself is a tuber of the species Amorphophallus muelleri. Porang is also known as the island islands. On the other hand, the porang is also known as the coblok plant with the Latin name Amorphophallus muelleri Bl.
This tuber-like plant can be eaten and is safe for humans. Porang is also a member of the Amorphophallus clan. Because it is still related and similar in appearance and advantages to suweg and walur, it is not uncommon for porang or iles-iles to be often difficult to distinguish from the two plants.
Porang plants have the advantage of tolerating shade. This allows this plant to be grown on industrial forest land under stands of teak, rosewood, mahogany or sengon. Thus, currently Poranh has become a prima donna and has good raw materials in the market.
Content of Porang tubers
Porang has many health benefits as it contains ingredients that can nourish the body including Konjac Glucomannan (KGM). In addition, Porang also contains the following content:
- Glucomannan (45%).
- Protein (9.7%).
- 16 types of amino acids (up to 7.8%).
- 7 essential amino acids (up to 2.5%).
- The iron.
- The copper.
- Rich in fiber.
The nutritional content of 100 grams of porang tubers is as follows:
- Glucomannan: 50 g.
- Carbohydrates (glucose, fructose, sucrose)
- Proteins: 1.64 g.
- Fat: 0.0004 g.
- Phosphorus: 57 milligrams (mg).
- Iron: 4.06 mg.
- Manganese: 0.2 mg.
- Copper: 0.08 mg.
Benefits of Porang for life
From the previous explanation, porang plants have benefits that can be achieved for life. City of the research and development site of the Ministry of Agriculture, litbang.pertanian.go.idPorang plants have several benefits for life, including:
1. Industrial raw materials
The benefits of the porang plant that can be felt first are due to the konjac content. This content can be used as a mixture to make strong and durable paper. In addition, porang can also be used as an adhesive for paper, paint, cotton and wool fabrics, fabric polishes, with better materials and cheaper prices.
2. Medicinal ingredients
Besides being useful for industrial raw materials, the benefits of the porang plant can also be used in the medical world. This is because the content of KGM contained in the porang plant is found to be useful for the health world, which is used as an ingredient to form drug capsules.
As explained in the first point, there is a natural glue content in the porang plant which is used to glue the medicine capsules.
3. Be a healthy snack
One of the advantages of the superior porang plant is the colorless fiber content which can easily dissolve in water, has no odor and has a gelatin-like consistency.
With fibers that can be made into jelly, this food is of course very healthy and fresh. Porang agar can be the right dish for healthy snacks.
4. Water cleaner
The next benefit of the porang plant is to be a cleanser for polluted water. One of the ingredients in porang tubers is glucomannan, which is able to purify water and keloids from beer, sugar, oil, and fiber. This content can dissolve in water and purify the water itself to be clean. Now you don’t have to worry about dirty water anymore.
5. Natural and ecological glue
In almost all activities, the presence of glue is certainly necessary. But sometimes the existing glue has a strong aroma and sticks to the body or clothes. Porang tubers can be an alternative and the right option that you can use for an eco-friendly glue.
Plants containing Konjac can be an excellent adhesive. In addition to being good, the glue produced is also environmentally friendly.
6. Ice cream thickener raw material
In Indonesia, especially in the ice cream industry, porang tubers are processed and used as adhesive thickeners in the ice cream mixture so that they do not melt quickly. The benefits are achieved through the Konjac content which can thicken other foods like syrup and other dishes.
7. Helps lower cholesterol levels
Similar to the previous benefits, the glucomannan content of the porang plant helps lower blood cholesterol levels. Moreover, the fibers present in the porang are also commonly used as an alternative diet, both for weight loss and for people with diabetes.
However, it should be noted that the use of porang to treat diseases should first be consulted with a doctor. This is because there are side effects that can be experienced if your body has any incompatibility with the contents of the porang. There is therefore a fear of causing side effects.
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