INA COURT November 19 speech Narendra Modi, Indian Prime Minister, gave a humiliating speech U-turn. Barely a year after he passed a trio of agricultural reform laws through Parliament, he announced their repeal. Shame was not only for giving victory to the horde of tractor-mounted peasants who stubbornly protested at the gates of India’s capital since last November. It was to have spoiled the problem from the start.
Indian agriculture is indeed in desperate need of reform. Yet Mr Modi made no effort to reach consensus for his three new laws last year, pushing them through without debate. When farmers in northern India, many of whom are Sikhs, protested, he redoubled his fury, calling them thugs and traitors. The most powerful Indian leader in a generation then did nothing for months, as if the stalemate was someone else’s problem. That is, until elections in a few important agricultural states approached uncomfortably, after which Mr. Modi completely collapsed.
In any other democracy, a leader who flouts parliament, breaks trust with an influential religious minority, and insists that controversial reforms be scrapped afterwards would pay a heavy political price. But although the farm bill fiasco is only the last link in a long chain of embarrassment under Modi, the prime minister remains largely unscathed. Admirers attribute his resistance to his personal charisma. They say it projects the strength and dignity that Indian voters seek in their own lives. Critics instead point to the deep pockets, cruelty and military discipline of his Bharatiya Janata party (BJP), discreetly supported by a network of allied Hindu-nationalist organizations and loudly amplified by relentless propaganda.
All of this surely matters, but it wouldn’t be enough without another secret weapon: the opposition. Throughout Mr. Modis’ tenure, the BJPOpponents remained divided, weak and largely ineffective. That’s not to say they gave the prime minister a free ride. M. Modis withdrawal of high value banknotes from circulation in 2016, the BJPstoking Islamophobia in a country with 200 million Muslims, and the erratic handling of covid-19 made it easy for opposition politicians to trigger disgruntled voters. But despite the strange blow to Mr. Modi and beating the BJP in occasional state elections, they have so far failed to change India’s larger narrative.
For three decades, two major trends have marked the country’s politics. One is the rise of the BJP, which itself is the spearhead of a century-old movement founded on the idea that the predominantly Hindu nature of India has been unjustly suppressed for a thousand years. This idea of victimization helped consolidate a so-called Hindu vote behind the BJP and made it difficult for other parties to challenge it without being vilified as less nationalist or flattering towards minorities.
The other trend has been the slow disintegration of the Congress Party, which carries the legacy of India’s secular independence movement. Congress was the party of government during the first decades of the Indian Republic, but its efforts to keep its tent as large as possible led to fragmentation. From the management of almost all of the states of India in the 1950s and 1960s, it has been reduced to just three out of 28 today, compared to 12 for the BJP.
The main rival of the BJP in many states, it is no longer Congress itself, but rather local spinoffs led and largely led by former members of Congress. In some large states, these parties have mostly supplanted the parent party. In others, local parties have sprung up and poached the congressional electorate. Their success left Congress with a barely residual presence in much of India and helped reduce its share of seats in the lower house to less than 10%, from 56% for the BJP (see table).
At the state level, all these opposition parties pose a strong challenge to the BJP. The diversity of the country means that ethnic, caste or religious sensitivities create perpetual setbacks against an overly dominant center. The problem is that compared to the BJPs simple central message of Hindu pride and nationalism, its dispersed and multiple opponents have no common story to tell.
But Congress in particular suffers from another handicap: the Gandhi family. They are not descendants of Mahatma Gandhi but of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Indian Prime Minister, through the marriage of his daughter Indiras to Feroze Gandhi, journalist and politician. It was under the dictatorial regime of Indira Gandhi (Prime Minister from 1966 to 1977 and from 1980 to 1984) that the family domination of the party was consecrated. It now extends to his grandchildren Rahul (51) and Priyanka (49), although it is their mother of Italian origin, Sonia (74), who remains the official party leader.
The younger Gandhis are nice and able, but their pedigree exposes them to the barbarians of the bachelor Mr. Modis on nepotism. Party insiders complain about ideological drift, lack of internal democracy, and the inordinate influence of courtiers rather than street voters. The party has lost a flood of defectors and frustrated workers in recent years, and has been repeatedly overtaken in the small state of Goa, Congress won more seats in a recent election, but woke up to find the BJP had drawn his allies into a coalition overnight. The fact that Rahul Gandhi was often right, he called early for action against covid and said a year ago that the BJP would be forced to abandon agricultural reform impressed Indians less than its lack of gravity. He twice led his party to defeat in national elections, losing in 2019 the seat he inherited from his uncle, father and mother.
Mr. Gandhi seems ill-suited to prop up a large but sagging tent in a raging storm, but he shows no inclination to hand the role over to someone else. Without a better voice catcher at the head of Congress, the oppositions have only one other hope of defeating the BJP in 2024 would be to form a broad coalition of regional parties. But few unites them, except the disgust for the BJP. Even that is suspect: many regional politicians would be happy to be bought off.
It is also a fact that regional leaders, however popular they may be on their own turf, have little national stature. Perhaps this will prove that just as Mr Modis’ best ally has been the weakness of his opponents, the opposition’s best chance of seizing power can come from the actions of the prime minister himself. But it will take a gargantuan mistake to defeat the seemingly unassailable Mr. Modi.
This article appeared in the Asia section of the print edition under the headline “With Enemies Like These”
The mention sources can contact us to remove/changing this article
What Are The Main Benefits Of Comparing Car Insurance Quotes Online
LOS ANGELES, CA / ACCESSWIRE / June 24, 2020, / Compare-autoinsurance.Org has launched a new blog post that presents the main benefits of comparing multiple car insurance quotes. For more info and free online quotes, please visit https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/the-advantages-of-comparing-prices-with-car-insurance-quotes-online/ The modern society has numerous technological advantages. One important advantage is the speed at which information is sent and received. With the help of the internet, the shopping habits of many persons have drastically changed. The car insurance industry hasn't remained untouched by these changes. On the internet, drivers can compare insurance prices and find out which sellers have the best offers. View photos The advantages of comparing online car insurance quotes are the following: Online quotes can be obtained from anywhere and at any time. Unlike physical insurance agencies, websites don't have a specific schedule and they are available at any time. Drivers that have busy working schedules, can compare quotes from anywhere and at any time, even at midnight. Multiple choices. Almost all insurance providers, no matter if they are well-known brands or just local insurers, have an online presence. Online quotes will allow policyholders the chance to discover multiple insurance companies and check their prices. Drivers are no longer required to get quotes from just a few known insurance companies. Also, local and regional insurers can provide lower insurance rates for the same services. Accurate insurance estimates. Online quotes can only be accurate if the customers provide accurate and real info about their car models and driving history. Lying about past driving incidents can make the price estimates to be lower, but when dealing with an insurance company lying to them is useless. Usually, insurance companies will do research about a potential customer before granting him coverage. Online quotes can be sorted easily. Although drivers are recommended to not choose a policy just based on its price, drivers can easily sort quotes by insurance price. Using brokerage websites will allow drivers to get quotes from multiple insurers, thus making the comparison faster and easier. For additional info, money-saving tips, and free car insurance quotes, visit https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/ Compare-autoinsurance.Org is an online provider of life, home, health, and auto insurance quotes. This website is unique because it does not simply stick to one kind of insurance provider, but brings the clients the best deals from many different online insurance carriers. In this way, clients have access to offers from multiple carriers all in one place: this website. On this site, customers have access to quotes for insurance plans from various agencies, such as local or nationwide agencies, brand names insurance companies, etc. "Online quotes can easily help drivers obtain better car insurance deals. All they have to do is to complete an online form with accurate and real info, then compare prices", said Russell Rabichev, Marketing Director of Internet Marketing Company. CONTACT: Company Name: Internet Marketing CompanyPerson for contact Name: Gurgu CPhone Number: (818) 359-3898Email: [email protected]: https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/ SOURCE: Compare-autoinsurance.Org View source version on accesswire.Com:https://www.Accesswire.Com/595055/What-Are-The-Main-Benefits-Of-Comparing-Car-Insurance-Quotes-Online View photos