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The G7 summit in Germany and the importance of Narendra Modis’ presence there

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The G7 is an informal group of the major industrialized nations of the United States, United Kingdom, Canada, France, Germany, Italy and Japan. Since 2014, Narendra Modi has been invited to the summit three times, reflecting India’s growing influence in the world.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi is in Germany to attend the G7 (Group of Seven) summit at Schloss Elmau, a centuries-old retreat in southern Germany near the Austrian border. Modi will hold bilateral meetings with world leaders during the two-day summit, which kicked off on Sunday. He is likely to speak in two sessions on issues concerning the environment, food security, health, gender equality and democracy.

What is the G7?

The G7 is an informal forum bringing together the leaders of the world’s major industrial nations, the United States (US), the United Kingdom (UK), Canada, France, Germany, Italy and Japan.

It was formed in 1975, when the world was suffering from the first oil shock and the financial crisis. Six major industrial countries met for the first time to discuss the global economy. The first meeting was an initiative of then French President Valry Giscard d’Estaing and German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt and was held at the Chateau de Rambouillet, 50 kilometers southwest of Paris.

Canada joined in 1976 and Russia in 1998, then called the Group of Eight. But following the annexation of Crimea, the G7 countries decided to meet without Russia in March 2014, suspending its membership.

The European Union (EU) has participated in the G7 since 1981 as an unlisted member, represented by the Presidents of the European Council.

Each year, a member country assumes the presidency for one year and hosts the summit. This year, it’s Germany’s turn.

If India is not a member, what about the G7 summit?

The host country invites non-members to participate in the summit as partner countries.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholz has invited India to the 2022 meeting. The other countries invited are Argentina, Indonesia, Senegal and South Africa. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky will participate virtually on June 27.

Several international organizations including the United Nations, World Health Organization, World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund and World Bank are also attending the summit.

How many times has India been invited to the summit?

Since Narendra Modi became prime minister in 2014, this is the third time he will take part. Last year, Modi was invited by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to the Cornwall summit, which Indias attended virtually.

India was invited by the French Presidency of the G7 in 2019 to the Biarritz summit as a goodwill partner and the Prime Minister participated in the sessions on climate and biodiversity, and digital transformation.

During the mandate of Manmohan Singh, India participated five times in the summit and then in the G8.

The G7 summit in Germany and the importance of Narendra Modis' presence at this summit

Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen, US President Joe Biden, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida , French President Emmanuel Macron and European Council President Charles Michel after a working dinner during the G7 summit held at Elmau Castle in southern Germany. Image courtesy: @G7/Twitter

Why was India invited?

Germany’s invitation to the G7 summit is seen as another step in maintaining the tradition of close partnership between India and Germany.

India has become a regular guest at G7 summits as there is no doubt that the country must be part of any sustained effort to resolve the challenges facing the world, senior government officials have told News18.

As an active participant in many other divergent plurilateral groupings such as the Quad, I2U2 and BRICS, the Summit will further establish India’s indispensability in any notable north, south or north-south platform when it comes to It’s about looking for solutions and their implementation, the official told News18.

According to Indian Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra, our regular participation in G7 summits indicates a growing acceptance and recognition that India must be part of all sustained efforts to find solutions to global challenges.

US National Security Council coordinator John Kirby said before the meeting that India was invited because the agenda is deep and diverse and it was not about trying to separate them from Russia, reports the ANI news agency.

This is not to try to separate them or turn them away from any other association or partnership they might have with another country. That’s not the goal here. The goal is to unite around a set of common principles and initiatives, Kirby said, adding that the G7 wants to move forward on climate change, energy and food security.

What is the agenda for the summit?

Progress towards a fair world is the goal of the German G7 Presidency.

The five main areas of discussion will be strong alliances for a sustainable planet, economic stability and transformation, improving the global health architecture, sustainable investments and strong solidarity.

The German government under Scholz plans to get the G7 to commit to collective progress on tackling global warming, and one of the ideas being discussed is the creation of a climate club for countries that want to speed up the resolution of this problem, reports the Associated Press.

With rising inflation and food shortages, the food crisis will be discussed at the summit. A session will be organized to discuss ways to make a clean and just transition to climate neutrality. Countries will also consider ways to secure energy supplies and control soaring global fuel prices.

With Zelenskyy virtually joining the summit, the Russian-Ukrainian war, which has now entered its fifth month, will be the subject of deliberations. The United States has declared that the G7 countries will ban the import of Russian gold.

Together, the G7 will announce it will ban the import of Russian gold, a major export that earns Russia tens of billions of dollars, US President Joe Biden said on Sunday.

On the first day of the summit, the leaders of the G7 countries also discussed plans to cap the price of Russian oil to put more pressure on Moscow.

While Ukraine has said the West is not doing enough to punish Russia, G7 leaders were having really constructive talks on a possible cap on Russian oil prices, a German government source quoted by the newspaper said. Reuters news agency.

What is India’s agenda?

Prime Minister Modi will hold bilateral meetings with leaders of some G7 countries on the sidelines of the summit.

“I will exchange views with G7 countries, G7 partner countries and invited international organizations on topical issues such as environment, energy, climate, food security, health, fight against terrorism, gender equality and democracy. I look forward to meeting the leaders of some of the G7 participating countries and guests on the sidelines of the summit,” the Prime Minister said in an official statement.

With contributions from agencies

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