Europe and the United States should not confuse the country’s maneuvers with a pivot to the West.
When President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev announced the Astana International Forum in February, he said it was an opportunity for global cooperation and progress in a polarized world. Kazakhstan continues its longstanding role as a bridge between East and West, he wrote, a policy that has served us well.
The forum, scheduled for June 8-9, will bring together mid-tier powers, such as Turkey and Singapore, for discussions and panels on pressing challenges including climate change, energy, food supply and global security. What is the role of small nations when major world powers clash? This is a crucial question for a country so vast that it occupies land near the Volga in Russia to China, and yet has only 20 million inhabitants. Its geographical position makes it important for large neighbours, as does its oil and gas resources, which are enormous and have multiplied the GDP sixfold over the past two decades.
The rally comes amid recent civil unrest in Kazakhstan just over a year after at least 238 people were killed as Tokayev, with Kremlin backing, crushed an uprising. Russia’s continued war in Ukraine has now reduced its influence even as the Kazakh president tackles domestic economic reform and energy security.
Tokayev, anxious to maintain his strategic and multilateral approach to the major border powers, seized the opportunity to position his country as a leader in Central Asia. While his goals for the forum are expressed as optimism for cooperation between the middle powers, there is no doubt that he sees a chance to promote his country, himself and his freedom to maneuver.
Mukhtar Tileuberdi, Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan, highlighted in January that his plans for the year included a greater role in global and regional politics and made it clear that Tokayev’s government would adapt to current realities without deviating from a proactive, pragmatic and balanced foreign policy.
Balanced does not mean pro-Western and indeed that would be impossible. The reality is that while relations with the West can help the government, they can never replace the scale and sometimes the threat of the great powers on either side. Two days after Kazakhstan pledged in July to increase oil exports to the EU and Russia close an important export pipeline. So, although the bloc provides 60% of foreign direct investment, its hard power is almost non-existent.
This explains why Kazakh politics sometimes seems to have at least two audiences. The country has made anti-war statements and responded to Western criticism of widespread sanctions-to breakwhile also being accused of turning a blind eye to sanctions violations (which he denies) and benefiting from vastly increased trade with Russia 25% last year, including 22 times increase in electronic exports.
Receive regular emails and stay informed of our work
Even before the May 18-19 Xian summit between China and Central Asian leaders, it was increasingly clear that China was the preeminent power in the region.
Kazakh foreign policy quite reasonably seeks a balance of power to avoid domination by any one country and to take more control of its own destiny. Economic Reforms, Domestic Growth and Becoming a listening state are crucial to Tokayev’s 10-year plan.
Despite geographical realities, the West can still hope to be part of Tokayev’s balancing act and reap some rewards. Kazakh prosperity rests on trade and investment of foreign partners; largest investor countries are the Netherlands and the United States.
China is one of the top five foreign investors, but its ambitions are bigger than that. Kazakhstan has been designated as the loop of the Belt and Road Initiative, and although this system has suffered some setbacks in Europe, it is still very relevant for Central Asian countries offering natural resources and a route to markets. Kazakh-Chinese trade is booming, increasing by more than a third to $24 billion last year.
According to an expert on China-Central Asian relations, Niva Yau, Tokayev’s main objective is to ensure the longevity of his functions and his support as president; this is done through the balance of strategic relations with the two partners in Europe and China.
Yau noted that the two relationships carry different weights, which makes them essential in different ways for Tokayev’s foreign policy. China appears as a simple economic and commercial ally while the West appears as a disconnected investor which thus offers a potential political safety net.
President Tokayev will have to work hard to keep everyone happy and maintain his country’s freedom of movement. As the 2022 Kazakh protests and the war in Ukraine have shown, maintaining stability can be a juggling act requiring advanced skill levels.
Reese Phillips is a Program Assistant for Operations at the Center for European Policy Analysis (CEPA). Prior to joining CEPA, Reese worked with the Global Language Network as a classroom volunteer and operations intern. He graduated from American University in December 2021 with a BA in International Studies and a minor in Russian Language and Area Studies.
Europes Edge is CEPA’s online journal covering critical topics on the role of foreign policy in Europe and North America. All opinions are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the position or views of the institutions they represent or of the Center for European Policy Analysis.
Learn more about Europe’s Edge
CEPA’s online journal covering critical topics on the role of foreign policy in Europe and North America.
The mention sources can contact us to remove/changing this article
What Are The Main Benefits Of Comparing Car Insurance Quotes Online
LOS ANGELES, CA / ACCESSWIRE / June 24, 2020, / Compare-autoinsurance.Org has launched a new blog post that presents the main benefits of comparing multiple car insurance quotes. For more info and free online quotes, please visit https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/the-advantages-of-comparing-prices-with-car-insurance-quotes-online/ The modern society has numerous technological advantages. One important advantage is the speed at which information is sent and received. With the help of the internet, the shopping habits of many persons have drastically changed. The car insurance industry hasn't remained untouched by these changes. On the internet, drivers can compare insurance prices and find out which sellers have the best offers. View photos The advantages of comparing online car insurance quotes are the following: Online quotes can be obtained from anywhere and at any time. Unlike physical insurance agencies, websites don't have a specific schedule and they are available at any time. Drivers that have busy working schedules, can compare quotes from anywhere and at any time, even at midnight. Multiple choices. Almost all insurance providers, no matter if they are well-known brands or just local insurers, have an online presence. Online quotes will allow policyholders the chance to discover multiple insurance companies and check their prices. Drivers are no longer required to get quotes from just a few known insurance companies. Also, local and regional insurers can provide lower insurance rates for the same services. Accurate insurance estimates. Online quotes can only be accurate if the customers provide accurate and real info about their car models and driving history. Lying about past driving incidents can make the price estimates to be lower, but when dealing with an insurance company lying to them is useless. Usually, insurance companies will do research about a potential customer before granting him coverage. Online quotes can be sorted easily. Although drivers are recommended to not choose a policy just based on its price, drivers can easily sort quotes by insurance price. Using brokerage websites will allow drivers to get quotes from multiple insurers, thus making the comparison faster and easier. For additional info, money-saving tips, and free car insurance quotes, visit https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/ Compare-autoinsurance.Org is an online provider of life, home, health, and auto insurance quotes. This website is unique because it does not simply stick to one kind of insurance provider, but brings the clients the best deals from many different online insurance carriers. In this way, clients have access to offers from multiple carriers all in one place: this website. On this site, customers have access to quotes for insurance plans from various agencies, such as local or nationwide agencies, brand names insurance companies, etc. "Online quotes can easily help drivers obtain better car insurance deals. All they have to do is to complete an online form with accurate and real info, then compare prices", said Russell Rabichev, Marketing Director of Internet Marketing Company. CONTACT: Company Name: Internet Marketing CompanyPerson for contact Name: Gurgu CPhone Number: (818) 359-3898Email: [email protected]: https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/ SOURCE: Compare-autoinsurance.Org View source version on accesswire.Com:https://www.Accesswire.Com/595055/What-Are-The-Main-Benefits-Of-Comparing-Car-Insurance-Quotes-Online View photos
to request, modification Contact us at Here or [email protected]
- Tory MP: ‘Would you want to get to Bradford quicker?’
- Persistence Through the Pain, Determination in the Heart
- Teen arrested after three dead in Bangkok shooting
- This Page Not Found | American Stroke Association
- 1000+ fatalities in Bangladesh after dengue record outbreak
- Smoking age should rise from 18, by one year every year – Rishi Sunak
- What is the COVID-19 vaccine and how do I get it?
- A look inside the new Las Vegas Sphere which hosted U2 #Shorts #LasVegas #BBCNews
- UK Covid Inquiry resumes as government actions during pandemic under scrutiny
- The cut-off for HbA1c-based diagnosis of diabetes may be too high in women
- Republican Kevin McCarthy forced out as Speaker of the US House of Representatives – BBC News
- Conservative Party Conference: Senior London Tory removed for heckling Braverman