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The Mentawir nursery is the key to the rehabilitation of the IKN forest ecosystem

The Mentawir nursery is the key to the rehabilitation of the IKN forest ecosystem
The Mentawir nursery is the key to the rehabilitation of the IKN forest ecosystem


Inauguration of the Mentawir nursery, North Penajam Paser, East Kalimantan. The seedlings from these are useful for rehabilitating the forests of a number of former mining sites.

President Joko Widodo's face looked so happy. Immediately, both of his hands reached out to receive the brown container of tree seeds that had been given to him. After that, President Jokowi then placed the container in the designated place in front of him. The procession then marked the inauguration of the Mentawir nursery located in North Penajam Paser, East Kalimantan.

“I am happy, after almost a year and a half, the Mentawir nursery was completed today, and with a capacity of 15 million seedlings, we will be able to use it again to rehabilitate the forests,” said President Jokowi during his inauguration speech, followed by the Presidential Secretariat network, in Jakarta, Tuesday (04/06/2024).

President Jokowi said that the nurseries are equipped with a genetic material center, in the form of a biobank and seed bank This is the main item prepared by the government since the beginning of the development of the IKN. “Here plants, for example Shorea, Belanov, which are already difficult to produce, are now brought back and then transformed into seeds, either by tissue culture, etc., so that we recover the plants which were once abundant in forests. rainforest rain in Kalimantan,” he said.

According to President Jokowi, the seedlings grown at this facility are useful for seeding in the context of forest rehabilitation, through the replanting of trees in a number of former mining sites. “We can do it if we have a big nursery. Let's not plan to plant a million trees often, let's plant a million trees everywhere, but cribThere aren't any, there aren't any nurseries, so where do the seeds come from? he said.

President Jokowi said that Mentawir Nursery has 15 million plant seeds, including a number of Kalimantan endemic plants, including rare plant and tree species, such as sungkai, meranti, linden, tengkawang, ironwood and bangkirai.

Apart from this, there are also guava seeds which will be planted in several places for animal feed. “So that later some animals that were previously reduced or non-existent become available,” he said.

To support the animal ecosystem, Mentawir Nursery also has breeding facilities that use the concept of “test tube babies” so that the animal population, which is beginning to decline, can regain its balance. “Animals that are starting to become very rare are also available. Later, they can be used for test tube babies for animals that no longer exist,” he said.

President Jokowi revealed that sperm storage equipment for baby animal test tubes is already available at the Bogor Agricultural Institute (IPB). “I am happy, the products are already at IPB, some of them will be further enriched if it becomes a germplasm center and that is what we have wanted for a long time, and we really hope that it will exist now” , did he declare.

Government commitment

On this occasion, President Jokowi also highlighted that the provision of a number of plant seedling center facilities in various regions is a form of Indonesia's global commitment in responding to climate change. “This is a global commitment on climate change that we have signed,” he said.

According to President Jokowi, the facility to sow 15 million plant seeds in Mentawir, North Penajam Paser Regency, is there to complement similar facilities Indonesia currently has. It is known that besides Mentawir, Indonesia also has a plant seed nursery center in Rumpin District, Bogor Regency, West Java, with a production capacity of 12 million seeds per year.

Then, in North Sumatra Province, there is Lake Toba Nursery Center in the protected forest area of ​​Sibisa Block, Motung Village, Ajibata District, Toba Regency. Meanwhile, another nursery is also available in Labuan Bajo in Satar-Kodi Production Forest Area, Nggorang, Komodo District, West Manggarai Regency, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). “We even have special mangroves in Bali province, Denpasar and other places,” he said.

Apart from this, there are also guava seeds which will be planted in several places for animal feed. “So that later some animals that were previously reduced or non-existent become available,” he said.

To date, according to Minister of Environment and Forestry Siti Nurbaya, the large Mentawir nursery, located north of Penajam Paser, East Kalimantan, has produced 8 million seedlings, some of which are used to rehabilitate forests and the lands of the Indonesian capital. .

“In total, around 8 million seeds were produced and 4.9 million of them were distributed for forest and land rehabilitation activities in the IKN region, managing land and forest restoration. critical and disaster-prone ecosystems in the East Kalimantan region, as well as various greening activities of surrounding communities “IKN will expand to Kalimantan,” he said.

The types of seeds produced in this large-scale nursery include endemic woody plants, non-timber forest products (NTFPs), aesthetic plants and plants for animal feed. Under the direct leadership of President Joko Widodo, the Mentawir Nursery was established to provide quality seeds for forest and land rehabilitation programs with real ecological, economic and social impacts.

“This nursery is one of the main supports in the efforts to create the capital of the archipelago. smart forest city“said Siti.

Construction of the Mentawir nursery will begin at the end of 2022 and will be completed in December 2023 with a seed production capacity of 15 million seeds per year. The Mentawir Nursery Center Complex is located on an area of ​​120 hectares, consisting of 30 hectares serving as a seed production center and another 90 hectares prepared for national germplasm which is currently still being prepared.

As a large-scale nursery, Mentawir Nursery is equipped with home made, mother plant house, germination houseacclimatization zone, and open growing area. “For seed production, it has been equipped with a machine for filling media into 'paper bags' or 'polybags' in order to speed up the seed production process, and is equipped with a computerized automation mechanism for seed watering,” Minister Siti said.

Minister Siti also said that the Mentawir large-scale nursery in Penajam Paser Utara, East Kalimantan Province was built at a construction cost of IDR 339 billion.

“The total of this construction is around IDR 339 billion, equivalent to $21 million in total, but only for the construction of nurseries it amounts to around $14 million,” the minister said Siti.

Siti detailed that the financing of the construction of the Mentawir nursery uses a cooperation mechanism between the government and commercial entities (KPBU) or a public-private partnership (PPP), namely the Ministry of Environment and Forestry , the Ministry of PUPR, PT Indo Tambangraya Megah and BUMN, in this case PLN and PT Telkom.

The financing includes PT Indo Tambangraya Megah amounting to IDR 130 billion for building construction, PUPR Ministry amounting to IDR 38 billion for the water system reservoir and IDR 112 billion for road access, and the Ministry of Environment and Forestry for an amount of IDR 59 billion. for land preparation and nurseries.

Author: Eri Sutrisno
Editor: Ratna Nuraini/Elvira Inda Sari




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