Citayam, IDN Times – Table tennis or also called ping pong is a type of small ball game that is usually played in a small field that resembles a regular table. The game can be played individually or in multiple games such as badminton.
The parent of the world table tennis organization is the ITTF (International Table Tennis Federation). The organization regulates and determines the standard size of international table tennis courts. In Indonesia, there is a parental table tennis sport called PTMSI (Indonesian Table Tennis Association).
Table tennis is not widely practiced in schools, except for extracurricular activities, and it is limited to only a small number of schools where it is held. The game uses a small stake and a ball called a ping pong ball.
1. History of table tennis
Table tennis has been known in England since the 19th century. At the time, table tennis was known as ping pong, whiff whoff or gossima. The term ping pong was used in almost all countries until a British company, J. Jaques and Son, Ltd., trademarked it in 1901.
Therefore, ping pong is only used when the game uses Jaques equipment, if other companies give it a name table tennis. Table tennis was a game among the upper classes at the time and was often played indoors after dinner.
In the beginning, the only equipment used was a table, a row of books arranged as just in the center of the table, a golf ball, and two books like a ball bat. But in 1901, a table tennis enthusiast, James W. Gibb, managed to find a celluloid ball.
In the same year, EC Goode created a modern version of the racket by using a sheet of rubber coating mottled onto a smooth wooden board.
The British lantaa founded the Table Tennis Association (TTA) in 1921, followed by the founding of the International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) in 1926 and the USA Table Tennis (USAT) in 1933. The first table tennis championship was held in London, England , in 1926.
In 1950, a sporting goods company in England, SW Hancock, Ltd., introduced a new bet. Rubber coated wood is bonded at the base with a layer of sponge, which causes high ball speed and rotation.
In Indonesia the sport was held as a championship for the first time, namely during the first National Sports Week (PON) in Solo in 1948. At world level, table tennis was only officially fought at the 1988 Olympics in Seoul, South Korea.
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2. Table size for ping pong
The ping pong table is made of wood with a plywood type, which for the standard can be measured by the reflection of a ping pong ball that falls from a height of 30 cm and will produce a reflection with a height of 23 cm.
The following sizes of table tennis courts:
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- Width: 152.5 cm
- Length: 274 cm
- Height: 76 cm
- Thickness: about 15 mm
Net size table tennis:
- Net length: 183 cm
- Net width / height: 15.25 cm
- Distance from table to posts or overhanging net: 15.25 c
- Net area: 2790.75 sq cm
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3. The size of the table tennis ball
The ball used in the game is usually a white or orange colored ball with a diameter of 40mm and a weight of 2.7 grams. A good ball falls from a height of 12 inches, so the first bounce is 10 inches high.
- Diameter: 40 mm
- Weight: 30.5 grams
- Color: white and orange
- Material: light cellulose
To find out which ball is good to use in table tennis, namely by looking at the asterisk on the ball stamp. There is an asterisk between 1 and 3, the more the better the quality.
4. Size of the table tennis stake
The actual size of the bet is not determined by default, but for the correct form of a table tennis bet it is flat on the betel sheet and of course stiff. At least 85 percent of the material contains wood and can be reinforced by using other materials such as carbon fiber, fiberglass or densified paper.
Width: 150 mm
Panjang tip Short handle: 240 mm
Length type of long handle: 260 mm
Material: rubber, carbon fiber, fiberglass and wood
Well, the racket has to be covered with a rubber covered with glue to glue it. The glue used should be no more than 2mm and if the rubber is thin, it will be covered with a sponge. Before the game is played, players will usually submit their bets to the referee for review.
The game of table tennis is only played by two teams. The game is almost like volleyball using the net, but the technique used is different, even though the principle is the same that the ball must be able to pass the net in order to keep playing safely.
Indeed, the size of the international national standard table tennis court is the measure of table size in all countries and most also use standard size to make tables for this game.
Hopefully the above article will help you know the size of the field used for table tennis games.
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