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After Macron loses a majority in parliament, French technology policy could turn to protected trade principles –




Under Emmanuel Macron, France has become a digital leader. He writes Daniel Hayes, Charles Martinet, and Gabriel Del Sol, hoping that digital nationalism will dominate after a parliamentary vote in which he lost a majority in parliament.

Daniel Hayes is an intern at the CEPA Digital Innovation Initiative. CharlesMartinet is an intern at the CEPA Digital Innovation Initiative based in Paris. Gabriel Delsol is a program assistant for the CEPA Digital Innovation Initiative.

France boasts state-of-the-art infrastructure, booming e-commerce, 26 high-tech unicorns and a market rating of at least € 1 billion. At the same time, Macron has led attacks on major US technology companies, introduced digital taxes, imposed data localization measures, and pursued digital sovereignty policies.

Macron’s Renaissance Party won 245 seats in the 577-seat parliament. This is the largest number of single political forces, but not the majority. Voters have become extreme.

Far-left leader Jean-Luc Murenchon, who has allied with the French Socialist Party, the Communist Party and the Greens, has won 131 seats. Marine Le Pen’s Far Right National Union has won 89 seats, while the conservative Les Le Publicains and their allies have won 61 seats.

This is bad news for Macron, a self-proclaimed candidate for emerging markets.

The main opposition, led by left-wing Murenchon, is looking to a strong protective trade movement. Macron aimed for a European-centric digital sovereignty, while Mlenchon aimed for France to focus inward.

Macron embraces a partnership between an American cloud provider and a French-based company to manage sensitive data. In contrast, Mlenchon requires that data on French public services and important companies be stored on servers under French law in France.

His left wing aims to nationalize many digital infrastructures, that is, to put digital and telecommunications infrastructures under public control.

Another difference is approaching gig labor. Under Macron, France rejected the full-time status employee status of Uber and Delivery Dash workers.

During the 2016 campaign, Macronfamously told a television interviewer that he should go to a poor neighborhood and tell the young Uber drivers to do nothing or deal with it on the street. Go explain it to them.

He approved the creation of a new institution for social relations on the employment platform. It has organized elections this year for worker representatives to improve working conditions and payments. However, gig workers remain independent contractors.

Mlenchon disagrees. He accuses Uberization, which is the basis of the gig economy model, as incompatible with workers’ rights. His party campaigned with a promise to reclassify all gig workers under a salaryman contract.

Another challenge for the injured president is to replenish the technical team. Many of the most knowledgeable tech presidents have lost their seats in parliament.

Patrick Mignola helped implement the EUscopyright Directive and limited Airbnb’s dominance.

Jean-Michel Mis was an expert in blockchain and cybersecurity. CliadeLavergne has created a 2019 bill to encourage the digitization of businesses.

Created by Latitia Avia, Loi Avia is designed to force the platform to remove malicious language within 24 hours of being flagged. The Constitutional Court has declared the law illegal.

A question mark remains. Macron may be able to form an alliance with moderate conservatives to pursue the technological policies of his choice.

Leftists face obstacles from other European partners, and some of their protective trade-oriented plans may violate the EU Treaty. They are also split. Not everyone agrees on a data localization policy that the Socialist Party and the Greens want to apply at the European level rather than the French level.

Digital sovereignty enjoys support across most political spectra. Almost all French are committed to widespread access to digital broadband, investment in emerging technologies such as cloud computing, AI and quantum computing, and the importance of fostering more open source data and software. I am aware of.

Even before the astonishing parliamentary defeat, Macron began to lean to the left, hoping to “strengthen Europe’s technological independence.”

Bruno Le Mer is a tough minister of economics and finance, adding digital to his minister’s responsibilities. Le Maire, the author of the controversial tech tax, appeared to be poised to support strong digital regulations.

In a post-election interview, Le Maireacknowledgeda was democratically shocked by voters. He condemned concerns about purchasing power, especially concerns about employment security among the middle class.

The government was listening, he said, and he promised to act swiftly to respond. If Francis’s emerging technology renaissance relies on risk-taking and turmoil, that’s not good news for Francis’ emerging economies.




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