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Giant woolen ornaments are the earliest example of people using ornate decorations in Europe, new study says

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According to a new study, a pendant made of giant bundles is the earliest known example of fancy jewelry made by people in Europe.

41500-year-old object, discovered in Poland The stable cave in 2010, our understanding of how and when modern humans were dispersed across Europe may change.

His discovery dates back to the earliest period of time during which we know that Homo sapiens came to the mainland. The species appeared from 300,000 to 100,000 years ago in Africa before migrating to populate the rest of the world.

The oval-shaped pendant is decorated with two holes and a curved line of drills. It was found along with an awl and other bone fragments worked in the cave.

This piece of jewelry shows the great creativity and extraordinary manual skills of the members of the Homo sapiens group that invaded the country, said Wioletta Nowaczewska from the University of Wroclaw, one of the study co-authors.

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The oval pendant is decorated with two holes and a curved drilling line (Photo: Antonino Vazzana / BONES Lab / PA)

However, her age had remained uncertain, with the cave hosting several short-term occupations by Homo sapiens and Neanderthals over time.

It was widely thought that Poland had been deserted for thousands of years after the fall of the Neanderthals. But the pendant changes that picture, as her age was discovered using radiocarbon dating.

The age of the ivory pendant and bone marrow found in the Stajnia cave finally demonstrate that the distribution of Homo sapiens in Poland took place as early as Central and Western Europe, said study co-author Andrea Picin, of Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig.

He added that the discovery would change the perspective of how adaptable these early groups were.

The pendant is decorated with more than 50 drilling marks in an irregular curved curve and two full holes.

The pattern of scratches similar to later jewelry found in Europe could present killer results or lunar notes corresponding to the monthly cycle of the moon or sun, the researchers suggest.

Experts from the Max Planck Institute, the University of Bologna, the University of Wroclaw, the Polish Geological Institute and the Institute of Animal Systematics and Evolution in Krakww collaborated in the study.

We are excited about the result, said Sahra Talamo, lead author of the study and director of the radiocarbon laboratory in Bologna.

He said dating such bone objects, which have been found across Europe, was vital to resolving questions about the display of art.

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Woolly mammoths roam in a wide range by walking twice the distance around the world in a lifetime

This work shows that the use of the latest methodological advances in the radiocarbon method enables us to minimize the amount of sampling and achieve very accurate dates with a very small range of errors, he added.

The earliest Homo sapiens arrived in Britain about 40,000 years ago, but the first population to survive long enough to be present in modern human DNA did not begin to flourish until 10,000 years ago.

At the edge of Europe, Britain was accessible by land bridge to the human population, but it was is not seen as particularly hospitable or worth settling forJosie Mills, of the University College London Institute of Archeology, has written.

The Stajnia Cave study has been published in Scientific Reports.

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