MANILA, Philippines (AP) More than three decades after a largely peaceful revolt of the People’s Government overthrew Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos, his son and name have emerged as the leading contenders in Monday’s presidential election based on a majority of popular vote polls. voters.
Here are some key facts about the key issues, the main candidates and the election concerns:
WHAT IS IN ROCK
If Ferdinand Marcos Jr. triumphs, will be a stunning reversal of the 1986 pro-democracy uprising that ousted his father from office in global disgrace. Many Filipinos recall the atrocities and looting of human rights that unfolded under his dictatorship and are likely to oppose any perceived threat to democracy or the efforts of Marcos Jr. to recover his family assets that were seized by the government as illegally acquired property.
The winner will inherit major problems, including an economy hit by the coronavirus pandemic, deeper poverty and unemployment, hyperinflation due to rising oil and gas prices, decades of uprisings and heated political divisions. The successor to outgoing populist leader Rodrigo Duterte is also likely to face calls to prosecute him for his bloody crackdown on illegal drugs that has left thousands of mostly poor suspects dead and alarmed the international community. The International Criminal Court has investigated the killings as a possible crime against humanity.
FERDINAND MARCOS JR.
A former provincial governor, congressman and senator, the late dictator’s 64-year-old son is making the Marcos family’s most impressive bid to regain the presidency. His mother, Imelda Marcos, twice tried unsuccessfully to regain power after returning with her children to the Philippines from exile in the United States, where her husband died in 1989.
Marcos Jr. has defended the heritage of his fathers and resolutely refuses to apologize and accept the atrocities and looting during the dictatorship. Married to a lawyer, with whom he has three sons, he has stayed away from controversy, including a past tax sentence and the refusal of the Marcos families to pay a large property tax. Throughout his campaign, he insisted on a battle cry of national unity. He denies allegations that he funded a multi-year social media campaign that used internet trolls to tarnish opponents and uncover the Marcos family’s famous story, daring critics to tell me one.
As an economics student at Philippine State University in the 1980s, Leni Robredo joined the mass protests that led to the overthrow of Elder Marcos. The 57-year-old also took up the law profession and successfully ran for a seat in the House of Representatives in 2013 in her first attempt at politics after her husband, a respected politician, died in a plane crash in 2012. She won Marcos Jr. in the 2016 vice-presidential race with a narrow margin in their first electoral confrontation. Her advocacy focuses on protecting human rights and empowering the poor in part by teaching them their legal rights.
The daughter of a court judge, Robredo does not belong to any of the prominent families that have dominated Philippine politics for generations, and is running as an independent backed by a network of campaign volunteers. As vice president of the opposition, which was elected separately by Duterte, she condemned the killings of mostly drug-poor suspects as part of his crackdown, angering the shameless leader and straining their ties for years. The mother of three has been cited for her integrity and a lifestyle that avoids the power trap she used to travel regularly alone by bus to her home province as a congresswoman.
Eight other presidential aspirants have lagged far behind in pre-election polls, including Manny Pacquiao, the 43-year-old former boxing star who vowed to build homes for the poor and lock corrupt politicians in a mega-jail. Manila Mayor Isko Moreno, a 47-year-old former television heartthrob, backed the story of his ragged life in power and the public fear of massive cleansing of the capital. Senator Panfilo Lacson, a 73-year-old former national police chief, has vowed to continue using his investigative skills to expose major government corruption.
In addition to the presidency, more than 18,000 government posts will be contested in the election, including half of the 24-member Senate, more than 300 seats in the House of Representatives, and provincial and local offices across the archipelago of more than 109 million. Philippines. About 67 million registered to cast their ballots during the 13-hour voting starting at 6 a.m., an hour longer than the 2019 midterm elections to compensate for the slower queues due to social distancing and other measures coronavirus protection.
Thousands of police and military personnel have been deployed because of the long-standing dangers posed by communist and Muslim rebels and a history of often bloody family and political rivalries in rural areas. In 2009, gunmen stationed by the family of the southern provinces of Maguindanao, the then governor, massacred 58 people, including 32 journalists, in an attack on an election convoy that shook the world.