New Delhi | Aalok Sensharma: In 2017, Chief of Defense Staff (CDS) General Bipin Rawat, who was also Army Chief at the time, had said India was preparing for a two-and-a-half-year war. By this, General Rawat meant that India could simultaneously take Pakistan and China and at the same time, deal with the internal security issues of both Jammu and Kashmir. Nearly three years after General Rawats’s statement, it appears the country is indeed facing a two and a half year war situation as tensions between India and China have escalated in recent months and Del Del New’s quarrel with Islamabad over Jammu and Kashmir continues.
As the Narendra Modi government came to power, India changed its foreign policy from Defense to Offensive-Offensive. From the 2016 surgical strike to the airstrikes in Balakot and the digital strike in China following the violent clash of the Galwan Valley, the Modi government has left no stone unturned, showing its immense willingness to defend Indian territories. However, one might wonder if India will still be able to handle a threat from Pakistan and China while addressing the internal security issues of both Jammu and Kashmir.
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The answer is not a direct yes or no. Fighting a war and whether a country will be able to win it or not depends on the tactical situation, the external support it is taking and the risks that someone is willing to take on. The military strength of India should also be compared with that of China and Pakistan. Here is a brief overview of the military power of India, China and Pakistan.
India and China
India and China are often regarded as the world’s growing giants. The two Asian countries have a 3,488 km border with each other. However, the relationship between the two nations has always been small. One clear reason is China’s continued support for Pakistan over Jammu and Kashmir. The two Asian giants waged a war in 1962 over their competing territorial claims. As India suffered heavy losses in the war, five years later, the country gave China a bloody nose in the clashes of Cho La and Nathu La, helping the country regain key border areas.
Here is how the two countries go when compared head to head:
India has a defense budget of $ 65.86 billion while China spends $ 261 billion on its Armed Forces each year, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). If one compares its nuclear warheads of the two countries, India has over 150 nuclear weapons while China has more than 320 nuclear warheads in its arsenal, SIPRI reported in 2020. Comparing the workforce of the two countries Armed Forces, India has 14,44,000 active personnel (Army, Navy and Air Force) and 21,00,000 reserved personnel while China has 21.83,000 active personnel (Army, Navy and Air Force) and a bench force of 5,10,000, according to the Independent Military Data Tracker Global Power of Fire.
According to Global Firepower, India has 4,292 tanks, 8,686 armored vehicles, 235 self-propelled artillery and 4,060 field artillery. China, on the other hand, has 3,500 tanks, 33,000 armored vehicles, 3,800 self-propelled artillery and 3,600 field artillery.
India has 538 fighter jets while China has 1,232. India has 722 helicopters, excluding 23 attack helicopters (helos), while China has 911 helicopters and 281 hello. Looking at the current power, China seems to be in a favorable position. Experts, however, disagree with this as they believe the Su-30 MKI and Rafales, along with the Mirage-2000, will give India an edge over China that largely depends on the J10, J11 and Su-27 fighter jets.
If the Chinese equipment was so good, then why did the Pakistanis only use F-16 planes to attack the Nangi Tekri Brigade in the Rajouri sector on February 27, 2019 with Chinese JF-17 simply giving air defense to the Mirage 3/5 bombers. Mirage 3/5 dropped H 2/4 bombs from a safe distance with JF 17 in a supporting role providing Air Defense for these aircraft! Why does Pakistan use Swedish early air warning platforms in the north and hold Chinese AWACS in the south? Why is Pakistan deploying European radar (Selex Gallelio) and Turkish podium to target the Chinese JF-17? The answer is quite obvious, said former Air Force chief ACM BS Dhanoa while talking to him Times Hindustan.
India has one aircraft carrier and 74 submarines while China has two aircraft and 16 submarines. In terms of destroyers, India and China have 10 and 36 destroyers respectively. India has 13 frigates while China has 52, according to Global Power of Fire.
Tanks and armored vehicles
Artillery (field + self-propelled)
(Source: Global Firepower)
India and Pakistan
India and Pakistan have waged three full wars 1947, 1965 and 1971 since independence. However, despite losing all three wars, Pakistan has increased its capabilities over the years and it may not be so easy for India to take Pakistan into another war. According to SIPRI, Pakistan has about 160 nuclear warheads while India has 150+ nuclear weapons. India has a $ 65.86 billion defense budget while Pakistan spends $ 7.77 billion on its Armed Forces each year, according to a South Asia Magazine Report.
In terms of manpower, India has 14,44,000 active personnel (Army, Navy and Air Force) and 21,00,000 reserved personnel while Pakistan has 6,54,000 active personnel (Army, Navy and Air Force) and one reserved force. of staff of 5, 50,000, says Global Power of Fire.
Global Firepower says India has 4,292 tanks and 8,686 armored vehicles while Pakistan has 2,200 tanks and 7,330 armored vehicles. India has 235 self-propelled artillery while Pakistan has 429. India has 4,060 field artillery while China 1,226.
India has 538 fighter jets while Pakistan 356. India has 722 helicopters and 23 attack helicopters (helos) while Pakistan has 346 helicopters and 56 helos, says Global Power of Fire.
India has one aircraft carrier while Pakistan none. Pakistan has 8 submarines while India 16. In terms of destroyers, India and Pakistan have 10 and 0 destroyers respectively. India has 13 frigates while Pakistan has 9, according to Global Power of Fire.
Tanks and armored vehicles
Artillery (field + self-propelled)
(Source: Global Firepower)
(Responsibility: This article was written by Aalok Sensharma, Junior Content Writer, English Jagran)
Posted by: Aalok Sensharma
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