The question is how the Trump administration will respond by being ignored. He has already hit broad sanctions on Iran, but could impose sanctions on countries that do not enforce UN sanctions he claims to have imposed again. A majority rejection of the US position could push the administration, which has already withdrawn from numerous UN agencies, organizations and treaties, away from the international community.
Amid a heated re-election campaign, President Donald Trump plans to address Iran in a speech to the General Assembly on Tuesday. Officials say he will also touch on his mediation for agreements on Israel and the UAE and Bahrain to normalize relations in part to strengthen a regional defense against Iran.
And as he seeks to demonstrate the credentials of statesmen ahead of the election, Trump has injected another element of uncertainty into the mix by threatening to retaliate 1,000 times harder against Iran if it attacks U.S. personnel overseas.
His Twitter warning came earlier this week in response to a report that Iran is plotting to assassinate the US ambassador to South Africa in retaliation for the US assassination of a senior Iranian general earlier this year. Neither Trump nor any other senior US official has confirmed such a conspiracy, though they have said Iran has a long history of political assassinations.
Amid uncertainty about this, the other 14 members of the Security Council and all but about five of the 195 UN member states say the US lost its legal status to act on sanctions when Trump withdrew from the nuclear deal. more than two years ago. The US argues that it reserves the right to approve the swift return of sanctions because the council resolution that approved the agreement refers to it as a participant.
These will be valid The UN Security Council (actions) and the United States will do what they always do, will do their part as part of their responsibilities to enable peace, Secretary of State Mike said on Wednesday Pompeo. Do well all the things we need to do to ensure that those sanctions are enforced.
Pompeo traveled to the United Nations on August 20 to formally notify the Security Council that the U.S. was causing a quick return because Iran is not in compliance with the nuclear deal. He dismissed suggestions that the administration was involved in anything legally or even controversial.
He said the quick return mechanism was the only thing the previous administration got right into the nuclear deal that Trump has denounced as the worst deal ever negotiated. The deal was a signature of President Barack Obama’s foreign policy achievements and gave Iran billions of dollars in sanctions relief in exchange for a reduction in its nuclear program.
However, apart from Israel and the Arab Gulf states, almost no country in the world agrees with the US Russia and China, along with US allies Britain, France and Germany, who often disagree but remain parties to the 2015 agreement, are united in declaring U.S. action illegal.
However, U.S. Special Envoy for Iran Elliott Abrams told reporters Wednesday that all UN sanctions would be lifted at 8pm EDT on Saturday.
“We expect all UN member states to live up to their member responsibilities and honor their obligations to uphold these sanctions,” Abrams told reporters.
If other nations do not follow it, he said, I think they should be asked … if they do not think they are weakening the structure of UN sanctions.
UN diplomats said the three European countries remaining in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA, who are all currently members of the Security Council, are likely to respond by issuing a statement reiterating their position that the United States United can not cause rapid return.
Trump administration officials have been attacking the 2015 nuclear deal for years. They say it is fatally flawed because some restrictions on Iran’s nuclear activity are gradually expiring and will allow the country to eventually develop atomic weapons.
The UN sanctions that the US is seeking to reinstate include a ban on uranium enrichment, all missile activity and the indefinite extension of an arms embargo that would otherwise expire on October 18th. The Security Council rejected the U.S. attempt to extend the embargo on a side vote that received support from only one country, the Dominican Republic.
Pompeo reiterated on Wednesday that Iran remains the world’s largest sponsor of terrorism and we do not believe that those who are able to trade in weapons of war with impunity is acceptable from a distance. He called the US decision to re-impose sanctions as good for the peoples of all nations.
But opposition to the U.S. move is widespread and strong, including 13 of the other 14 members of the Security Council.
Under international law you can not withdraw from an agreement and then claim that you can still benefit from its provisions. Under the rules established by the rules, when the rules are set by the US, this seems to be okay provided it serves US interests, UN Deputy Ambassador to Russia Dmitry Polyansky wrote on Twitter.
European Union High Representative Josep Borrell, in milder terms, delivered the same message in August saying the United States could not be considered a JCPOA participating state for the purposes of possible sanctions provided by the resolution.
Lederer reported from the United Nations.
Copyright 2020 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, transmitted, rewritten or redistributed without permission.
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