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108% of rainfall recorded while monsoon withdrawals – news from India

 


The monsoon officially ended Wednesday with the country recording rainfall that was 108.7% of the long-term average (LPA) according to the Meteorological Department of India, although there were significant regional and temporal variations. For example, August received more rainfall in 44 years.

This is considered a normal monsoon. In June, IMD forecast monsoon rains of 102% of LPA with a margin of error of +/- 4% for the season.

This season (June 1 through September 30), Northwest India recorded 84% of LPA; Central India, 115%; southern peninsula, 129%; and East and Northeast India, 106%. Since a +/- 19% band is considered normal, this means that the rains in northwestern India were not deficient, although those in the southern peninsula were excessive.

Read also: Monsoon withdraws from Delhi

LPA is the average monsoon rain recorded between 1961 and 2010. This year 95.8 cm of rain was recorded compared to an average period of 88.0 cm for June, July, August and September.

Of the 36 meteorological subdivisions in India, two recorded heavy heavy rainfall (60% above LPA) – Rayalseema (82%) and Saurashtra and Kutch (126%); 12 recorded excessive rain (20% to 59% above LPA); and 17 subdivisions received normal monsoon precipitation (-19% to 19% of LPA); and only five subdivisions received deficient rainfall. These are Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura (-32%), West Uttar Pradesh (-37%), Uttarakhand (-20%), Himachal Pradesh (-26%), and Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh (-33%) . The IMD map shows extremely large rainfall forecasts over 20 cm were concentrated along the west coast; Central India and Northeast India.

On Wednesday, the monsoon was withdrawn from most parts of Rajasthan, parts of the Punjab, the entire western Himalayan region, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi and parts of Uttar Pradesh. The tow line is passing along Lakhimpur Kheri, Shahjhanpur, Alwar, Nagaur etc. in northwest India according to IMD. Full monsoon withdrawal from across the country is expected by October 15th.

Read also: Monsoon ends 70 mm less than the all-time height in Mumbai; 67% excess rain over four months

Cyclone Nisarga which formed over the Arabian Sea helped launch the monsoon in time over Kerala on June 1; attracted monsoon winds inland along the west coast. The monsoon progressed well and covered the country until June 26, but the July rains were inadequate. The weak monsoon in July was mainly due to the lack of any major monsoon formation formulation over the Bay of Bengal. The monsoon crop lay to the north of the normal position near the Himalayan lowlands leading to prolonged and intense flooding in the northeastern states and Bihar. Central and northwestern India remained deficient in July.

In August, there were back-up formations of low-pressure systems over the northern bay of Bengal and they moved mainly towards Gujarat and Rajasthan in the south. Five low-pressure systems formed over the Bay of Bengal that caused higher-than-normal rainfall over the central and western parts of the country. The Arabian Sea was very active with stronger winds reaching up to 50-60 km / h. There were two to three river flood spells on Odisha, Telangana, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat in the south and Rajasthan in the south according to IMD. August recorded 127% of LPA, the highest in 44 years and the fourth highest in the last 120 years, said RK Jenamani, a senior scientist at the National Weather Forecast Center.

The monsoon began to withdraw from the western parts of northwest India on September 28, with a delay of 11 days compared to the normal start date for the monsoon withdrawal.

“We are analyzing the monsoon data and will soon release a comparison with our long range forecast,” said IMD chief Mrutyunjay Mohapatra.

The average monsoon rainfall in India was normal by definition. However, this does not provide much insight into the regional manifestation of the monsoon.

“Extreme rainfall has destroyed crops in many places. In Andhra and Telangana there were two extremely heavy rainy seasons which destroyed vegetables, nuts and pulses in many places. The market price for impulses is now 30 to 40% higher than MSP which is a big problem for farmers. Another issue is that both Telangana and Andhra farmers do not have insurance this time because the states plan to start their own insurance company soon. So it’s a really worrying situation, “said GV Ramanjaneyulu, executive director, Center for Sustainable Agriculture, Hyderabad

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