Stage 1 breast cancer is the earliest stage of Invasive breast cancer.. If treated, it has a positive outlook.
Regular breast cancer screening is an important factor in the detection of stage 1 breast cancer. As with most types of cancer, the earlier the stage 1 breast cancer is detected and treated, the better the results may be.
Your diagnosis, type of breast cancer, and medical history are all factors that determine the type of treatment plan your doctor will develop with you.
Read on to find out how stage 1 breast cancer is staged and what you can expect from treatment. It also includes some resources to help and assist in navigating your breast cancer journey.
Stage 1 breast cancer is the earliest stage of breast cancer. Experts divide it into stages 1A and 1B based on the size of the tumor and its metastasis to the lymph nodes.
To understand how these subcategories are defined Classification TNM system..
Stage 1 Breast Cancer
- The size of the tumor is T0 or T1.
- Lymph node spread is N0 or N1.
- The metastasis is M0.
The reason for this classification is that the tumor remains small in stage 1. Lymph node spread, It’s microscopic.
Also, because the tumor is small and localized, Metastasis, Or spreads to other parts of the body.
Stage 1 breast cancer is then further subdivided into stages 1A When 1B..
Doctors and medical teams consider a variety of factors before deciding on the best treatment for stage 1 breast cancer. In addition to knowing the TNM classification of your cancer, they also test a sample of cancer cells:
- Tumor grading
- Presence of a specific receptor
Knowing more about the grade of the tumor and the types of receptors on the surface of the cancer cells is especially helpful in determining the type of treatment that is right for you.
Tumor grading indicates how fast cancer cells can grow and spread beyond the breast. The higher the grade, the more aggressive it is considered.
Your medical team will also test cancer cells for receptors on the outside of the cell. Knowing which receptors are present can help you determine which type of treatment is likely to be more effective.
The type of treatment recommended for stage 1 breast cancer depends on a variety of factors, including:
- Tumor size
- Lymph node metastasis
- Tumor grade
- Receptor status
- Genetic mutation
Topical treatment: surgery and radiation
If you are diagnosed with stage 1 breast cancer, your doctor may recommend local treatment, such as surgery or radiation therapy, to treat the breast cancer at the site.
both Breast mass resection and mastectomy Stage 1 breast cancer option. Your doctor will help you decide what is right for you based on the size, grade, and level of spread of the tumor.
- Breast mass removal. Also known as breast-conserving surgery. Breast mass removal It is the least invasive surgery for breast cancer. In this procedure, the surgeon removes the tumor and surrounding tissue, leaving as much breast as possible to resemble the original breast.
- Mastectomy. NS Mastectomy Includes removal of the entire breast. There are different types of mastectomy. Some types of mastectomy involve removal of lymph nodes.Other types can Protects chest skin or Nipple and areolaEspecially for early-stage breast cancer.
Doctors usually Radiation therapy After removal of a breast mass for the treatment of stage 1 breast cancer. Radiation therapy helps destroy cancer cells that may have been left behind after surgery. This can reduce the chance of breast cancer recurrence.
Radiation is rarely needed after a mastectomy with stage 1 breast cancer.
In addition to topical treatment, doctors may recommend systemic treatment for stage 1 breast cancer.
Stage 1 Systemic Breast Cancer Therapy
Systemic treatment, often referred to as add-on or adjuvant treatment, treats breast cancer throughout the body, not just at the site of the tumor.
These treatments help destroy cancer cells that have spread beyond the breast but are still too small to be found. They include the treatments outlined below.
Doctors may recommend chemotherapy, also called chemotherapy, after surgery to destroy undetected cancer cells. Chemotherapy can also reduce the risk that the cancer will come back at a later stage.
Chemotherapy may be recommended for smaller tumors if:
- Cancer cells were found in the lymph nodes.
- You get a high score on the following genetic tests Oncotype DXShows whether chemotherapy helps treat breast cancer and whether it may recur after surgery.
- Cancer cells are negative for progesterone and estrogen receptors.
- Breast cancer cells are positive Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) — Various treatments can target these receptors.
Hormone therapy It can be used to help slow the growth of cancer cells in people with estrogen receptor-positive (ER +) or progesterone receptor-positive (PR +) cancer cells. Hormone therapy works by blocking hormone receptors in cancer cells or by reducing the amount of estrogen produced by the body.
Your doctor may prescribe Tamoxifen If menstruation is still ongoing.If you reach menopause, they may prescribe aromatase inhibitors such as: Anastrozole (Arimidex), Letrozole (Letrozole), or Exemestane (Aromasin).
Medications such as leuprorelin (Lupron) and goserelin (Zoladex) may be prescribed to stop the production of estrogen. Alternatively, you can choose to remove the ovaries. This can prevent the production of hormones that promote the growth of cancer.
Before starting this treatment, it is important to ask your doctor about the potential side effects of hormone therapy. That way you can see what you can expect.
Targeted therapy can be used for treatment HER2 positive breast cancer. These target drugs help block the HER2 protein that cancer cells need to grow.
Targeted therapies can also help increase the effectiveness of chemotherapy. Examples of targeted therapies include trastuzumab and pertuzumab.
But according to 2019 studyApproximately 21% of breast cancer patients stop seeing a doctor for follow-up care within 5 years of being diagnosed with breast cancer.
To maximize your long-term health and wellness, it is important to stick to the follow-up care plan your doctor recommends to you. This probably includes:
- Doctor’s consultation. These occur initially every few months and can shrink gradually to once a year five years later.
- Hormone therapy. If you have estrogen or progesterone receptor-positive breast cancer, you can get hormone therapy for at least 5 years.
- Taking bone strengthening agents. These include zoledronic acid (Zometa) and denosumab (Prolia) If the risk of fracture is high, or osteoporosis For specific cancer treatments.
- Image of the breast. If you have undergone breast-conserving surgery or breast mass removal, diagnostic imaging may be required 6 to 12 months after surgery and radiation therapy. After that, imaging may be done at least once a year.
- Pelvic examination. If you take hormones such as tamoxifen, these drugs may increase your risk of uterine cancer.. Even if you are not taking tamoxifen, it is advisable to have an annual pelvic examination.
- Bone density test. These tests are recommended if you take an aromatase inhibitor or if you have menopause as a result of treatment.
- Other tests. Imaging, blood tests, bone scintigraphy, or biopsy may be done if there are symptoms or findings that suggest that the breast cancer may have recurred.
The outlook for stage 1 breast cancer is good. This is because it is in the early stages of breast cancer and has not yet spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body.
If you are diagnosed with breast cancer, you may be frightened and anxious. But you are not alone. We recommend that you consider contacting the Breast Cancer Support Group or the online community for help, advice, and resources.
Many other people are addressing exactly the same questions and concerns as you. In addition, many have survived breast cancer and can provide valuable advice and support.
Stage 1 breast cancer is the first stage of invasive breast cancer. It is characterized by a microscopic spread to small tumors or lymph nodes. Understanding what to expect from a stage 1 breast cancer classification and treatment plan will help you feel more in control of your health.
The first line of treatment for stage 1 breast cancer often involves surgery followed by radiation therapy. Doctors can also add systemic or targeted therapies, such as chemotherapy and hormones, to their care plans if they believe that these treatments are needed.
With a 5-year survival rate of over 90%, the outlook for stage 1 breast cancer is very bright. The earlier the breast cancer is detected and treated, the better the outcome tends to be.
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