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Risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection in Norwegian fitness center

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When the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) spread around the world, many governments were forced to take costly and restrictive measures to prevent the spread of the disease. At the beginning of the pandemic, there was little information about which activities could increase the change in the increase in infection, so many countries chose a very wide range of measures. These included mandatory face masks, public space closures, and even a complete blockade / house-at-home order.

The blockade has hit many companies. With the closure of many gyms, training facilities, and other public sports venues, scientists have noticed reduced levels of exercise and an increase in the number of individuals living a sedentary lifestyle.In a study published in BMC Public HealthResearchers at the University of Oslo oversaw a trial in Norway where several fitness centers were allowed to open.

the study

Researchers examined five fitness centers in Oslo that were specially established to investigate the risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection among randomized participants. rice field. All other fitness centers in the country remained closed. Fitness center members between the ages of 18 and 65 were eligible to participate unless they were at high risk of severe illness. Eligible individuals have been assigned to either a fitness center or a control group.

Researchers have implemented several measures designed to reduce infections in all fitness centers. A distance of 1 meter was required between all individuals, but now it is 2 meters for intensive exercise. No physical contact was allowed, disinfectants were provided on all workstations, users cleaned all equipment after exercise, and the facility was regularly cleaned by staff. The trash can lid has been removed. COVID19 Symptoms Attendance was blocked and staff confirmed that there was no overcrowding. All participants were mailed a test kit containing two swabs and a tube containing shipping media.

Swabs were analyzed using a commercially available RT-PCR test. Participants were also asked to provide a blood spot card 30 days after the end of the study, which was analyzed using a multiplex flow cytometry assay known as Microsphere Affinity Proteomics (MAP) and anti-SARS-. I searched for CoV-2 IgG antibody.

Following randomization, removal of ineligible individuals, and some removal of consent, 3764 participants were enrolled and approximately half were assigned to training in institutions or controls. In a two-week RNA test for SARS-CoV-2 infection, only one patient assigned to training in the fitness center tested positive. This individual did not use the fitness center until he arrived at the test.

Contact tracing has revealed potential primary infections in the individual’s workplace. Individuals in the control group were not infected. 83.4% of the antibody test kits sent by mail returned the kits to researchers. Eleven individuals assigned to the fitness center showed positive results for SARS-CoV-2 antibody compared to 27 individuals in the control group.Employees who tested SARS-CoV-2 using either the antibody or RNA kit did not receive a positive result.

Researchers have identified some potential problems with the data. In general, more women were in the training facility than the control group, and the control group was on average older than the training group. Being male or above are both risk factors for COVID-19 and can confuse the outcome. However, sensitivity analysis suggested that this should not affect the results, as the results are strong enough and have sufficient statistical detection power.

Conclusion

Researcher highlights show that their trials do not show an increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection in fitness centers with strict enforcement of disease control measures. However, they warn that these measures are strictly enforced in court and that less stringent measures can lead to different consequences. They also emphasize that this test does not test what would happen if the center were opened without hygienic measures or social distance during the pandemic.

The Norwegian government reopened all such facilities on June 15, 2020, as long as the facilities enforced the same restrictions found in this study. Many countries have completed quarantine and blockade procedures, but variants continue to emerge, and this information may help determine if the fitness center needs to be closed in the future. ..

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