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Studies address concerns that adverse effects on the microbiota can lead to long-term susceptibility to chronic diseases-ScienceDaily




According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 2,000 children around the world die every day just because they lack clean drinking water.

Engineers, including Tufts engineers, have devised an easy and low-cost way to use chlorine to purify drinking water in low-income countries, but a common concern is that adding chlorine to water will cause children. It is possible to harm the beneficial bacteria of our developing gut microbiota. An important role in maintaining good health.

Currently, a team of scientists led by Tahuts, University of California, Berkeley, International Center for Diarrhea Disease Research, Bangladesh, and Iag in Switzerland have used chlorine to treat drinking water in Dhaka, Bangladesh, even with diarrhea and antibiotics. Bacteria in the digestive tract of children in addition to reducing the use of substances.

Children’s microbiota tested from fecal samples collected one year after installing the dispenser had the same diversity and abundant bacteria as children who did not receive chlorinated water. .. Some minor differences were observed, such as enrichment of beneficial insects and increased presence of some antibiotic resistance genes, but their changes were small and the overall composition of the microbial flora was similar. rice field.

Chlorine inactivates microorganisms present in water during storage, transportation, and delivery from faucets, but this study suggests that it does not kill good bacteria after chlorinated water is consumed. I am. In fact, by keeping bad insects away from the water supply, chlorination allows children’s microbiota to thrive and do their good work to stay healthy.

This is very important, especially in the first few years of life. The intestinal flora of an infant is sown at birth, then grows, and stabilizes in an adult-like state by the time the child is about 3 years old. Progressive colonization by various bacteria within the microbial flora may be important for metabolism and weight maintenance, allergy development, disease susceptibility, and even some developmental milestones related to mental health. I have.

“There is no doubt that further research will help us to understand all the long-term health effects of drinking chlorinated water,” said Maya Nadinpari, assistant professor of civil engineering and environmental engineering at Tufts University. Said. The benefits of chlorination of water, which can save hundreds of thousands of lives each year after at least one year of exposure, continue to outweigh the diminishing safety concerns. “

Amy Pickering, formerly Tufts University and now Special Commissioner for the Bloom Center for Global Poverty and Practice at the University of California, Berkeley, has developed and field tested automatic chlorination equipment compatible with water infrastructure in Africa and Asia. Is working on.

“It is very encouraging that such a widely used, low-cost water treatment method does not harm the developing microbial flora of the child,” said the first study and the research team in this study. Said Pickering, who led.

Nadinpal, who is collaborating with the Stuart B. Levy Center for integrated management of antimicrobial resistance at the University of Tufts, said that Bangladeshi children are five times more likely than children because they are frequently exposed to pathogens. Is being treated with antibiotics in the United States

“The treatment itself has a detrimental effect on the diversity of the gut plexus, which can ultimately lead to poor health and an increase in antibiotic-resistant pathogens,” she said. “Therefore, chlorination helps reduce the incidence of illness, limit the use of antibiotics, and keep the microbial flora healthy.”

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material Provided by Tufts University.. Original written by Mike Silver. Note: Content can be edited in style and length.




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