Modern supermarkets with fresher foods can reduce childhood obesity in poorer areas, according to new research. File photo by Aleph Studio / Shutterstock
May 9th (UPI)- Access to a supermarket with fresh fruits and vegetables has reduced obesity in some of New York City’s poorest districts, according to a study released Monday.
Childhood obesity rates have fallen by 1% in low-income areas after the opening of new, more modern supermarkets, data released Monday. JAMA Pediatrics Indicated.
In addition, the new story is associated with a 4% to 10% reduction in the obesity index (a measure of weight relative to height) in school-aged children in these regions, the researchers said.
The difference was subtle, but according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, opening a new supermarket in poor areas is given that 14 million children (19%) meet the criteria for obesity or severe overweight. , Suggests that it can make a meaningful difference. And prevention.
“These results show, to a lesser extent, that supermarket grants can play an effective role in addressing the complex problems of childhood obesity in the United States,” the study co-authors said. Brian Elbel said in a press release.
Such subsidies are “especially [beneficial for] Our most endangered Hispanic and black children. “
According to the CDC, childhood obesity is strongly associated with a long-term risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.
In this study, Elbel and his colleagues identified at least one supermarket in each of New York City’s five provinces that participated in the city’s health-supporting food retail expansion program between 2009 and 2016. ..
As part of the program, the city provided subsidies and tax cuts to renovate or build about 20 supermarkets in low-income areas with high unemployment, researchers said.
Next, they said they analyzed the seven-year public school health records of students from kindergarten to high school who lived within a mile or more of a supermarket that benefited from the program.
According to researchers, weight measurements were compared for a year before the supermarket was rebuilt or rebuilt and for up to a year after it was rebuilt.
Within a year of the opening of newly refurbished supermarkets and new supermarkets, the obesity rate of 22,712 school-age children living within 0.5 miles of such eight stores dropped from 24% to 23%. ..
However, there was no change in obesity rates among 86,744 students who lived far away from one of the public grant stores with more space for fresh produce and perishables, the study said. Said.
According to researchers, the risk of obesity was lower in students from kindergarten to 8th grade than in students from 9th to 12th grade.
To significantly reduce mortality from obesity-related illnesses, childhood obesity rates in these areas need to be at least three times lower than those observed in the study, they said.
“Our study emphasizes that one in four sampled New York City public school children, primarily Hispanics and blacks, are obese,” said study co-author Pasquale. Lummo said in a press release.
This is “a worrisome sign of the depth of the problems facing the health of children in the city,” said Rummo, an assistant professor of population health at NYU Langone Health.
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