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Athletes with Type 2 Diabetes: Risks, Symptoms, etc.

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Anyone, including athletes, can develop type 2 diabetes. Athletes may be at lower risk because regular exercise is one of the main ways to prevent this type of diabetes. However, there is no guarantee that people who exercise frequently will not develop this condition.

Exercise is an important part of the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes, but it is also important to note that people with this condition carry some risks.Along with the injuries, these are include Episodes of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia.

This article describes the risks that people with type 2 diabetes encounter when exercising.Also look for the link between exercises Insulin..

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) He states that type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. Diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar or sugar is too high. Glucose is the body’s main source of energy and comes primarily from the diet.

The pancreas makes insulin. Insulin is a hormone that allows glucose in the blood to enter cells and function as an energy source. People with type 2 diabetes do not have enough insulin or are not using it effectively. As a result, glucose in the blood increases and insufficient amounts enter the cells.

The NIH (National Institutes of Health) He added that the following factors increase the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes:

Find out more about type 2 diabetes.

Exercise pose Specific risk For athletes with type 2 diabetes, it’s an important part of treatment and management. The same exercise-related risks also affect people with diabetes who are under-exercised. These risks include:

Hypoglycemia

People taking insulin injections or oral medications that stimulate the release of insulin in the body are at risk of being induced by exercise Hypoglycemia, Or hypoglycemia. This can happen immediately or after a delay. Symptoms of hypoglycemia include lightheadedness, sweating, and weakness.

Hyperglycemia

Another risk is hyperglycemia, or hyperglycemia. This can happen if people have diabetes that is not under optimal control. If they are exercising hard, their blood sugar levels can rise too high.

Injury

Despite its benefits, exercise increases the risk of injury to people. For example, you may have a leg injury while running.

Adverse health associated with complications

People with diabetic complications are at increased risk of experiencing adverse health effects while exercising. They need to check with their doctor what precautions to take.Depending on the complications, these may be Involvement Avoidance:

  • Intense activity
  • Lift heavy objects
  • High-impact activities
  • Exercise in extreme cold and heat

according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (DCD), 37 million people in the United States have diabetes. Of these individuals, 90-95% have Type 2 varieties. Type 2 diabetes most commonly affects people over the age of 45, but it can occur in people of any age.

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes in athletes are the same as those of others.they The usual It develops slowly over the years and may include:

  • Thirst and increased urination
  • Tired
  • Increased feeling of hunger
  • Unhealing pain
  • Blurred view
  • Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet
  • Unexplained weight loss

The NIH (National Institutes of Health) To manage type 2 diabetes, we recommend the following:

  • Eat a nutritious, balanced diet
  • limit calorie The amount of intake that the body needs
  • Do regular exercise
  • Regulates blood pressure and cholesterol to optimal levels
  • no smoking

As stress Is a factor of can make Diabetes is more difficult to manage, and relaxation and getting enough sleep may also help.

In some cases, medication may also be required. Options include medications that people take by mouth and medications that are injected subcutaneously, such as insulin.

evidence Insulin levels decrease during exercise and increase after exercise.

Exercise increases the body’s demand for glucose. During exercise, the body suppresses insulin secretion, allowing the liver to release more glucose for energy. Cells need more glucose during exercise. That is, blood sugar levels usually drop slightly, but not until hypoglycemia.

After exercising, insulin levels rise, stimulating the storage of excess glucose in the blood. People with diabetes who do not need to take insulin generally do not have significant episodes of hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia during exercise.

In contrast, people who are dependent on insulin are at increased risk of both. This is due to the presence of insulin from outside the body and a more serious abnormality in glucose control.

The NIH (National Institutes of Health) We advise you on the following steps to prevent type 2 diabetes:

  • Reach moderate weight: 5-7% loss for overweight and obese people body weight Helps prevent the condition. For example, a person who weighs 200 pounds (lb) can set a goal of losing 10-14 lbs.
  • Do regular exercise: Experts recommend a minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity for at least 5 days a week.
  • Eat a healthy diet: To help with weight management, it is important to choose nutritious foods that are low in fat. Another way to reduce calorie intake and facilitate weight management is to use small amounts.

Uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause a series of complications. include:

Exercise has multiple benefits for people with type 2 diabetes, including improved glycemic control. However, there are special considerations. One needs to seek advice from a doctor:

  • The best kind of exercise for them
  • How to prepare
  • Things to avoid

The CDC Advise people with diabetes to take certain precautions when exercising. These include:

  • Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration
  • Wearing comfortable athletic shoes that fit snugly with cotton socks
  • Check your feet for blisters, cuts, pain and irritation after an exercise session
  • Talk to your doctor about an injury that doesn’t start healing after 2 days

Check your blood sugar before exercising

Man Must be checked Pre-workout blood glucose, especially if you are taking insulin.If your blood sugar is less than 100 milligrams / deciliter (mg / dl), eat a light meal of 15-30 grams carbohydrate May be necessary. This helps prevent your blood sugar from getting too low during exercise.

Examples of such snacks include half a cup of fruit juice or two tablespoons of raisins. After exercising, you need to check your blood sugar again.

Conversely, if your blood sugar is above 240 mg / dl, it may not be safe to exercise. Individuals need to test their urine for the ketones that the body produces when it breaks down fat.

Elevated ketone levels indicate that someone does not have enough insulin to get glucose from the blood into the cells. When cells don’t have enough glucose, they break down fat for energy. People with high ketone bodies are at risk of ketoacidosis when exercising. This is a serious diabetic complication and requires immediate treatment.

Anyone, including athletes, can develop type 2 diabetes.

Exercise is an important precaution, but weight and diet quality are also important. Play a role.. In addition, some immutable factors, such as a family history of diabetes, May increase risk.

People with type 2 diabetes taller than More likely to experience the negative effects of exercise than those who do not have the condition.

People with type 2 diabetes because of the risks involved You need to follow special precautions When exercising, such as checking your blood sugar before and after exercising and taking the necessary steps to correct it.

Sources

1/ https://Google.com/

2/ https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/type-2-diabetes-in-athletes

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