The British Joint Commission on Immunization and Immunization said targeted inactivated polio vaccine boosters should be offered to all children aged 1 to 9 in all London districts. rice field.
The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) said in a statement announcing the move, “This will ensure a high level of protection from paralysis and help reduce the further spread of the virus.
About 1 million children of that age live in the London area, according to the latest data from the UK Office for National Statistics.
UKHSA said a total of 116 virus isolates were identified in 19 sewage samples collected in London between February and July.
Most samples contained vaccine-like virus, but some showed “sufficient mutation to be classified as a vaccine-derived poliovirus.” UKHSA said this is all the more concerning because such viruses “behave like wild polio and, in rare cases, can cause cases of paralysis in unvaccinated individuals”.
Officials emphasized that the vaccination promotion is a preventive measure.
“No cases of polio have been reported and the risk is low for the majority of the fully vaccinated population. However, areas of London where the poliovirus is endemic have the lowest vaccination coverage. We know that,” said UKHSA Consultant Epidemiologist Dr Vanessa Saliba.
polio It is caused by an enterovirus called poliovirus. Polio was one of the world’s most feared diseases until Dr. Jonas Salk invented his vaccine and tested its safety in 1954.
According to the World Health Organization, by 1988 there were 350,000 reported cases of polio worldwide.
About 1 in 4 people infected will have flu-like symptoms, such as a sore throat, fever, fatigue, nausea, headache, and stomach pain. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 in 200 of her will develop more serious symptoms such as tingling or numbness in her legs, brain and spinal cord infections, and paralysis.
There is no cure for polio. Treatments to address symptoms include medications to relax and heat the muscles and physical therapy to stimulate the muscles. However, polio paralysis is permanent.
The last case of polio in the UK was in 1984, according to a UKHSA statement.
“Decades before we introduced polio immunization programs, about 8,000 people developed paralysis each year,” Saliba added.
According to the WHO program, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, there are three strains of the virus, two of which have been eradicated globally. One strain of wild poliovirus is still circulating in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Infection can also occur if not enough children in the community are vaccinated.
Last month, a person from Rockland County, New York Diagnosed Polio is the first confirmed case in the United States in almost a decade. Unvaccinated young adults began to experience weakness and paralysis, Dr. Patricia Schnabel-Rupert of the County Health Board said at the time.
This story has been updated with additional information.
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