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Can Sound Take Fear Out of Nightmares? New Study Finds

 


Related video above: Dreams prepare for future threats For people who suffer from trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety, terrifying dreams come to them every night, ruining their sleep and ultimately causing them to lose sleep. It can damage your health. Dark shadows cast shadows on the next day’s light and interfere with a person’s ability to concentrate and think. Feeling depressed and anxious. According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, such symptoms can lead to a diagnosis of nightmare disorder, a sleep condition that affects about 4% of adults. Stress reduction, counseling, gradual desensitization, and medication can be done, but the gold standard is imagery rehearsal therapy. This is a form of cognitive-behavioral training that teaches people to re-imagine nightmares with positive endings. Still, not everyone with nightmare disorder responds to treatment, experts say. Playing sounds has been associated with more positive outcomes in . Psychiatrist at the University Hospital of Geneva and the Institute of Sleep Research at the University of Geneva. “This is a promising development. Appropriately timed addition of sounds during REM sleep seems to enhance the effects of imagery rehearsal therapy… This is the norm. It is probably one of the most effective non-pharmacological treatments available at this time.” Not involved in the study. “But I was a little excited about this new possibility.” Image rehearsal therapy to reinvent nightmares has four basic steps that can be taught in a day, experts say First, you’ll be asked to write down all the details of your nightmare. Then have each person rewrite the nightmare in a positive arch, ending with a comfortable and powerful solution or solution. Practice begins here. The reworked dream needs to be rehearsed daily for 5-20 minutes until it is woven into the brain’s memory circuits. Once that’s in place, it’s time to put it into action by rehearsing a new dream right before bed. Eighteen people with nightmare disorder replayed their nightmares in a more positive way by listening to neutral sounds (piano chords). A control group of 18 people with nightmare disorder heard no additional sounds while recreating their dreams.All 36 were given a headband called an activity meter that they wore at night for two weeks. In addition to monitoring sleep stages, the device made sounds in a way that didn’t wake the sleeping person — via bone conduction. Professor Morgenthaler said. “Most wearable devices don’t accurately measure actual REM sleep.” Sounds were delivered to both groups every 10 seconds during the dream phase of sleep over a two-week period. said Perogamvros. Image rehearsal therapy also reduced measures of overall distress, mood, and sleep quality in both groups, but the reduction in nightmares occurred faster in the group and was sustained at 3-month follow-up, they said. Perogamvros noted. In addition, members of the sound-hearing group reported more pleasant dream experiences during dreams than members of the control group. Research is needed. A breakthrough for approximately 30% of patients who do not respond to image rehearsal therapy, also called IRT. reinforce that theory. ”

Related video above: Your Dreams Prepare for Future Threats

People who suffer from trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety can have frightening dreams every night, lose sleep, and ultimately compromise their health.

Visions from nightmares can creep up like dark shadows in the next day’s light, disrupting a person’s ability to concentrate and think. Days of intense fear of falling asleep may follow, triggering another frightening dream.

Such symptoms can lead to the diagnosis of nightmare disorder, a sleep condition that affects about 4% of adults. According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.

Treatment may include Stress reduction, counseling, gradual desensitization, medication, but the gold standard is image rehearsal therapy. It’s a form of cognitive-behavioral training that teaches people to re-imagine nightmares with positive endings. Still, not everyone with nightmare disorder responds to treatment, experts say.

Now, a new study adds a twist — human memory plays sounds associated with more positive outcomes during the REM (rapid eye movement) or dream phase of sleep. was four times Less nightmares than basic treatment alone.

“To the best of my knowledge, this is the first clinical and therapeutic study to use targeted memory activation to facilitate and enhance treatment,” said lead author, Institute for Sleep Research at Geneva University Hospital and University of Switzerland. Dr. Lampros Perogamvros, a psychiatrist, said: Geneva.

“This is a promising development. Appropriately timed addition of sound during REM sleep appears to enhance the effectiveness of imagery rehearsal therapy. Dr. Timothy Morgenthaler, lead author of the latest paper, said: American Sleep Society medical guidelines about nightmares.

“The results should be replicated,” said Morgenthaler, who was not involved in the study. “But I got a little excited about this new possibility.”

nightmare reinvention

Imagery Rehearsal Therapy has four basic steps that can be taught in one day. experts sayFirst, you’ll be asked to write down all the details of your nightmare. Each person then rewrites the nightmare in positive arches, ending with a comfortable and powerful solution or solution.

Now practice begins.A remade dream must be rehearsed for 5 to 20 minutes each day until it is woven into your brain’s memory circuits. Once that’s in place, rehearse and act on your new dream just before bedtime.

In a new study released Thursday in the journal Current Biology, the researchers put a twist on the treatment. 18 of his with nightmare disorder listened to neutral sounds (piano chords) and recreated nightmares in a more positive way. A control group of 18 people, who also had nightmare disorder, heard no additional sounds while recreating their dreams.

All 36 were given a headband, called an actimator, to wear at night for two weeks. In addition to monitoring sleep stages, the device produced sounds via bone conduction in a manner that would not wake the sleeping person.

“One of the key aspects of this study’s intervention is the use of a relatively new technique that can more precisely time stimulation of true REM sleep,” says Morgen, a professor of medicine at the Mayo Clinic School of Medicine. Sarah says.

“Most wearable devices do not accurately measure actual REM sleep,” he added. “Of course, further research may prove that timing is less important, but that hasn’t been determined yet.”

Sounds were delivered to both groups every 10 seconds during the dream stage of sleep over a two-week period. In this case, “imagery rehearsal therapy worked for all participants, including the control group,” Perogamvros said.

“But in the group, When the sound was positively associated, the reduction was quite large, almost a quarter as many nightmares,” he added.

Image rehearsal therapy also reduced measures of overall distress, mood, and sleep quality in both groups, but the reduction in nightmares occurred faster in the group and was sustained at 3-month follow-up, they said. In addition, members of the group who heard the sounds reported experiencing more pleasant dreams in their dreams than members of the control group.

Additional studies are needed to validate these results and extend the concept, but the technology represents a breakthrough for approximately 30% of patients who do not respond to image rehearsal therapy, also known as IRT. Perogamvros said he hopes to

“There is merit in the idea that supports the hypothesis that targeted memory reactivation may enhance the effects of IRT,” says Morgenthaler.

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