Connect with us


Long-term use of certain reflux medications is associated with a higher risk of dementia, study suggests

Long-term use of certain reflux medications is associated with a higher risk of dementia, study suggests



Millions of Americans take medications known as proton pump inhibitors every day to treat heartburn and acid reflux, and in recent years, these drugs, also known as PPIs, have been linked to a greater risk of kidney failure, stroke, and early death from any cause.

And new research suggests that there may also be a higher risk of dementia for people who take the medications over several years.

People 45 and up who took PPIs for over four years had a 33% higher risk of developing dementia than people who never took the drugs, according to a study published Wednesday in the journal Neurology.

Dementia is not a single disease but an open-ended term for memory loss and cognitive decline caused by damage to brain cells.

PPIs reduce stomach acid by targeting the enzymes in the stomach lining that produce that acid. They are often used to treat symptoms of acid reflux and gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD, a serious form of acid reflux in which food or liquid moves up from the stomach to the esophagus.

PPIs are widely available over the counter and often used to treat heartburn, the mild burning sensation you get with acid reflux.

People who occasionally take these medications after a barbecue shouldn’t be worried, experts say.

“This study does not prove that acid reflux drugs cause dementia,” study author Dr. Kamakshi Lakshminarayan, a neurologist at the University of Minnesota School of Public Health in Minneapolis and a member of the American Academy of Neurology, told CNN in an email. “It only shows an association. More research is needed to confirm our findings in other large study groups and understand the possible link between long-term proton pump inhibitor use and higher risk of dementia.”

gupta brain 05/16

Hear physician explain new research clue on Alzheimer’s disease

Lakshminarayan and her team analyzed a population-based study made up of 5,712 people ages 45 to 64 who did not have dementia at the start of the study.

Nearly 1,500 participants — 26% — took PPIs during that time.

After adjusting for age, sex and race as well as health conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure, the researchers found that out of the 497 people who took PPIs for nearly 4½ years, 58 of them developed dementia.

Of the 4,222 participants who did not take the drugs, 415 developed dementia. Researchers did not find a higher risk for people who took the drugs for less than 4.4 years.

The study did have some limitations. Participants were asked about their medication use only once a year during the study period. Therefore, if participants stopped and then restarted their PPI use between check-ins, estimations could be inaccurate. It is also unclear whether the participants took over-the-counter PPIs or prescription medication.

The researchers identified B12 deficiency and impaired amyloid metabolism as possible links between the overuse of PPIs and dementia.

“Some studies have shown that use of acid reflux drugs may be associated with low B12 levels. And low B12 is associated with impaired thinking and poor memory,” Lakshminarayan says, adding that her team did not have B12 data levels for study participants, so they “could not comment on this theory.”

Dr. Gregory Day, an associate professor in the Department of Neurology at the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida, and a fellow of the American Academy of Neurology, agreed that there may be a link between PPIs and the effects on amyloid in the brain.

Day, who was not involved in the study, said proton pump inhibitors can “alter enzymes in the brain” that clear buildup of a protein in the brain called amyloid, a key component in Alzheimer’s disease.

PPIs may “decrease the level of the body’s chemical that is there to cut off the amyloid in specific ways,” he said. “In theory, these medications increase amyloid in the brain, increasing the risk of Alzheimer’s disease, and Alzheimer’s is the number one cause of dementia.”

For people taking proton pump inhibitors for more than four years, Lakshminarayan recommends speaking to a doctor about whether there are other options.

“Stopping these drugs suddenly may result in worse symptoms,” she said.

People with frequent acid reflux can develop GERD, which can lead to severe gastrointestinal bleeding or cancer of the esophagus, experts note.

There are other avenues to treating acid reflux and heartburn, such as over-the-counter antacids. Antacids differ from PPIs in that they act on the acid that is already in the stomach and neutralize it, Lakshminarayan says.

For longer-lasting relief, H2 antagonist medications, also called H2 blockers, are also an option, but they can take a few hours to kick in.

Day adds that some people might need to reassess their use of PPIs, which he says can often be overused or taken for symptoms that are not severe enough.

“What I would recommend is that if people are taking these medications, whether they’re concerned about their memory or not,” Day says. “I think it’s always reasonable to ask, ‘Why am I taking these medications?’ ”

Changes to diet and avoiding late meals can decrease the use of PPIs. Being overweight can also be a factor in acid reflux, so losing weight can help reduce symptoms, too. But these alternatives don’t work for everyone, Lakshminarayan said.

“Our recommendation is that patients should talk to their doctors about their medications and let their doctors know if they are taking any over-the-counter medications,” Lakshminarayan said.




The mention sources can contact us to remove/changing this article

What Are The Main Benefits Of Comparing Car Insurance Quotes Online

LOS ANGELES, CA / ACCESSWIRE / June 24, 2020, / Compare-autoinsurance.Org has launched a new blog post that presents the main benefits of comparing multiple car insurance quotes. For more info and free online quotes, please visit https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/the-advantages-of-comparing-prices-with-car-insurance-quotes-online/ The modern society has numerous technological advantages. One important advantage is the speed at which information is sent and received. With the help of the internet, the shopping habits of many persons have drastically changed. The car insurance industry hasn't remained untouched by these changes. On the internet, drivers can compare insurance prices and find out which sellers have the best offers. View photos The advantages of comparing online car insurance quotes are the following: Online quotes can be obtained from anywhere and at any time. Unlike physical insurance agencies, websites don't have a specific schedule and they are available at any time. Drivers that have busy working schedules, can compare quotes from anywhere and at any time, even at midnight. Multiple choices. Almost all insurance providers, no matter if they are well-known brands or just local insurers, have an online presence. Online quotes will allow policyholders the chance to discover multiple insurance companies and check their prices. Drivers are no longer required to get quotes from just a few known insurance companies. Also, local and regional insurers can provide lower insurance rates for the same services. Accurate insurance estimates. Online quotes can only be accurate if the customers provide accurate and real info about their car models and driving history. Lying about past driving incidents can make the price estimates to be lower, but when dealing with an insurance company lying to them is useless. Usually, insurance companies will do research about a potential customer before granting him coverage. Online quotes can be sorted easily. Although drivers are recommended to not choose a policy just based on its price, drivers can easily sort quotes by insurance price. Using brokerage websites will allow drivers to get quotes from multiple insurers, thus making the comparison faster and easier. For additional info, money-saving tips, and free car insurance quotes, visit https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/ Compare-autoinsurance.Org is an online provider of life, home, health, and auto insurance quotes. This website is unique because it does not simply stick to one kind of insurance provider, but brings the clients the best deals from many different online insurance carriers. In this way, clients have access to offers from multiple carriers all in one place: this website. On this site, customers have access to quotes for insurance plans from various agencies, such as local or nationwide agencies, brand names insurance companies, etc. "Online quotes can easily help drivers obtain better car insurance deals. All they have to do is to complete an online form with accurate and real info, then compare prices", said Russell Rabichev, Marketing Director of Internet Marketing Company. CONTACT: Company Name: Internet Marketing CompanyPerson for contact Name: Gurgu CPhone Number: (818) 359-3898Email: [email protected]: https://compare-autoinsurance.Org/ SOURCE: Compare-autoinsurance.Org View source version on accesswire.Com:https://www.Accesswire.Com/595055/What-Are-The-Main-Benefits-Of-Comparing-Car-Insurance-Quotes-Online View photos


to request, modification Contact us at Here or [email protected]