A standard stress test can determine which mother is coping with depression or anxiety through the baby’s physiological signs. Heidelberg University, Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich, University of Vienna and Ulm University worked together to compare the health status of mothers and their babies. COMPARE study..
The team found that about 10-20% of pregnant women have mood disorders during pregnancy, after childbirth, or during the postpartum period. How the mother interacts with the baby during the first few months of birth affects the healthy development of the baby. Mothers with anxiety and depression before and after childbirth, then Postpartum depression It affected the mood of newborn babies.
One of the physical signs is a significant increase in heart rate, which can lead to emotional stress in later years. Other factors, such as lack of affection, which are essential in the early stages of development, can result in a variety of anxieties as the child grows up.
Still face test
Fifty mothers and their babies participated in the study. The remaining mothers were negative for mood disorders, but 30 mothers were healthy during pregnancy and postpartum. “usingStill face testThe team demonstrated the effect of the mother being emotionally separated from the newborn.
First, the mother played and interacted with her baby for two minutes, followed by a “blank” interaction period of two minutes, where she had eye contact without interaction and then returned to normal interaction. Meanwhile, researchers measured heart rates for all mothers and babies during the test.
The second phase of the test revealed that the baby had increased negative emotions, avoided behavior, and had less social involvement. When mothers stopped playing playful interactions, their babies with depressed or anxious mothers had significantly higher heart rates than their babies with healthy mothers, nearly eight beats per minute.
A mother with a mood disorder said she was more difficult to temperament than a healthy mother’s baby. Fabio Blanco Dormond of the University of Heidelberg said their researchers could be “the first person to see this physical effect in a three-month-old baby.”
Read also: Research: Can a pregnant mother give COVID-19 to her baby?
Diagnosis and treatment of mood disorders
Anxious and depressed mothers had babies who were more sensitive to stress during static facial examinations than babies of healthy mothers. Blanco-Dormond was clear that there was a big difference in heart rate during the non-interactive phase. Since these are only preliminary findings, the team wants to conduct a larger study to see if the results are consistent.
Professor Veerle Bergink of Icahn School of Medicine Women’s Mental Health ProgramStudies have shown how important it is to diagnose and treat mood disorders in new mothers, as stress has a direct impact on the baby. Previous studies have shown both short-term and “long-term adverse effects” of postpartum mood disorders in children, Bergink said. “Early diagnosis is important because most postpartum mood disorders begin during or even before pregnancy.”
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