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These conditions increase the risk of COVID-19 for young people

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  • Researchers have found that adults aged 18 to 34 years hospitalized with COVID-19 are at relatively high risk of illness.
  • These patients were at greater than 20% risk of being taken to the intensive care unit.
  • About 10% needed mechanical ventilation.

COVID-19 is seen as the most influential disease in the elderly, but a new study Release The Journal of America Medical Association found that young adults are still at significant risk.

Young adults can also experience a high rate of serious outcomes, according to the study letter.

Researchers have found that hospitalized adults aged 18 to 34 have a relatively high risk of illness:

  • Over 20% needed intensive care.
  • About 10% were ventilated.
  • Almost 3% died.

The average age of this group was 28, with just over 57% male. 57% of patients were black or Hispanic.

Researchers found that in-hospital mortality was lower than that reported in older people with COVID-19, but twice that in young people experiencing a heart attack.

Dr. Nikil BayaniThe Healthcare newspaper, an infectious disease physician at Texas Health Resources in Bedford, Texas, said recent evidence indicates that young people are also at risk of a serious outcome for COVID-19.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report, 20% of inpatients are between the ages of 20 and 44. Bayanif told Healthline.

Nearly 40% of patients receiving intensive care are between the ages of 45 and 64, and 12% are between the ages of 20 and 44, Bayani said.

Elderly people and patients with chronic health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease are considered to be at increased risk of illness. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)..

Researchers have found that these factors can also affect outcomes in younger patients.

“Disease obesity, hypertension, and diabetes were common and associated with a greater risk of adverse events,” the researchers wrote. More than half of the inpatients are African-American or Hispanic, “consistent with previous findings of the severity of imbalanced disease in these demographic groups.”

Studies show that young adults with multiple of these symptoms faced a risk of COVID-19.

“This study and my clinical experience of caring for patients with COVID-19 reinforce the finding that people with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension are at a much higher risk of adverse outcomes.” Dr. Robert Glatter, An emergency physician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York. “This includes the potential for hospitalization, intubation, and death in the ICU compared to the elderly.”

Glatter emphasized the need to better address racial health inequalities for all patients in the US healthcare system, not just those with COVID-19.

He said the pandemic would further expose the inequality of our society, resulting in disparate medical outcomes. “As part of this reality, there is one more clear thing than ever before: we need to deal with structural racism and make it a thing of the past.”

by CDCObesity is an increasingly serious health problem in the United States, affecting more than 40% of the population. The CDC reports that over the last two decades, the prevalence of obesity has increased from 30.5 to 42.4 percent, and severe obesity has increased from under 5 years to 9.2 percent.

“We also know that obesity increases the risk of thrombosis. [a blood clot]This has been demonstrated in the context of severe COVID-19, “Glatter said. Obesity also includes the incidence of deep vein thrombosis Disseminated intravascular coagulation, Can cause excessive bleeding.

Obesity adversely affects lung function by impeding the movement of the diaphragm, “causing ventilation and oxygen problems and increasing the risk of infections and ARDS,” said Greater. [acute respiratory distress syndrome].. “

Past experience with patients who have experienced H1N1 influenza, according to Glatter [swine flu], “It will also inform you about a similar complex process using COVID-19.” People with obesity, diabetes and high blood pressure have high complications and mortality.

Use of masks and social distance work, And until vaccines are available, these are the most effective ways to prevent the capture or spread of the virus that causes COVID-19.

CDC list Some tips To practice social distance before you go out, include:

  • Before you go out, know and follow the guidance from the public health authorities in your area.
  • Stay connected with friends and family who don’t live at home by making phone calls, using video chat, and staying in touch through social media.
  • Avoid crowded areas and gatherings that can be difficult to stay at least 6 feet away from others who are not from your family.
  • Always keep 6 feet of space between yourself and others and wear a mask.

by data A 25-year-old adult compiled from France, one of the most affected countries of COVID-19, has about 250 times lower mortality than an 85-year-old who is infected with the virus. The average estimated number of deaths under the age of 35 is less than 1.

of World Health Organization The COVID-19 mortality rate appears to be higher than the influenza mortality rate, reporting that “it will take some time for the true mortality rate of COVID-19 to be fully understood.”

However, while the data suggest that COVID has a rough mortality rate (reported mortality divided by reported number of cases) of 3 to 4 percent, seasonal flu We have confirmed that we usually have a mortality rate of less than 1%.

Although COVID-19 is considered a serious health problem for the elderly, new studies show that young people who develop COVID-19 are also at increased risk of serious illness.

Patients aged 18-34 years are much less likely to die of COVID-19, but researchers found that 20% of these patients were admitted to the intensive care unit.

The severity of illness in African-American and Hispanic patients also draws attention to racial inequality in health care.

The findings suggest that young patients with obesity, diabetes and hypertension are at greatest risk of illness.

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