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Brucellosis in China: Bacterial outbreak infects thousands after a factory leak in Lanzhou



The Lanzhou Health Commission, the capital of Gansu Province, has confirmed that 3,245 people are affected by brucellosis caused by contact with livestock carrying brucellosis.

No deaths have been reported, but another 1,401 have been preliminarily tested positive, according to the city’s health commission. In total, authorities have tested 21,847 out of the city’s 2.9 million population.

The disease, also known as Maltese fever or Mediterranean fever, can cause symptoms such as headache, muscle aches, fever, and fatigue. According to the United States, these symptoms may subside, but some symptoms, such as arthritis and swelling of certain organs, may become chronic or persistent. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

According to the CDC, human-to-human transmission is extremely rare. Instead, most people are infected by eating contaminated food or inhaling bacteria. This is the case in Lanzhou.

According to the city’s health committee, the outbreak was due to a leak at the Zhongwu Lanzhou Biological Preparation Plant that occurred between late July and late August last year. While manufacturing the Brucella vaccine for animals, the factory used expired disinfectants and disinfectants. In other words, not all bacteria have been eradicated by waste gas.

This contaminated waste gas formed an aerosol containing bacteria, leaked into the air, and was carried by the wind to the Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, where the outbreak first occurred.

Laboratories began reporting the infection in November, which accelerated rapidly. By the end of December, at least 181 people in the institute had been infected with brucellosis, according to China. State-owned news agency Xinhua.

Other infected patients included Lanzhou University students and faculty members. The Xinhua News Agency then reported that the epidemic had spread to Heilongjiang Province, the northeastern tip, where 13 positive cases were working at the Veterinary Research Institute in August.

In the months following the outbreak, state and local government officials began investigating leaks at the factory, according to the report. Lanzhou Health Commission.. By January, authorities had revoked the plant’s vaccine manufacturing license and revoked product approvals for two brucellosis vaccines.
Chinese researchers discover a new strain of influenza with

A total of seven veterinary drug approval numbers have also been canceled at the factory.

In February, the factory announced a public apology, stating that it had “severely punished” eight people who were determined to be responsible for the case. He added that he would work with local governments in response and cleanup activities to contribute to compensation programs for affected people.

The Lanzhou Health Commission also announced in a report Tuesday that 11 public hospitals would provide free, regular tests to infected patients. The report does not provide details about compensation for patients, except that it will be published in batches from October.

Brucellosis was much more common China in the 1980s, It has since diminished with the advent of vaccines and better disease prevention and control. Yet, over the last few decades, brucellosis outbreaks have occurred around the world. The outbreak in Bosnia infected about 1,000 people in 2008, prompting the culling of sheep and other infected livestock.
In the United States, brucellosis costs the federal government and the livestock industry billions of dollars. About 60% of female bison Yellowstone National Park Carries bacteria, according to national park officials.


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