- New studies show that smoking increases the risk of death from subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), a type of cerebral hemorrhage.
- Both heavy smokers and light smokers had high mortality rates.
- Light smoking carries the same health risks as heavy smoking, but at a lower level.
- Experts recommend that smokers decide to quit smoking first and then follow up with a counselor who recommends another treatment.
Smoking increases the risk of a potentially fatal stroke, according to a new study. The same is true if you are using light cigarettes that you do not smoke once a day.
The data released today investigated cases of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). SAH is a type of cerebral hemorrhage that can lead to permanent brain damage and death.
Researchers at the University of Helsinki and the University of Helsinki Hospital collected data from a cohort of more than 16,000 same-sex twins to determine if there was an underlying genetic cause that could explain SAH.
Smokers have been found to be at increased risk of experiencing SAH, even if they are occasionally identified as smokers.
We found that smokers were more likely to experience SAH among a pair of twins, one smoker and one non-smoker.
“This fascinating twin study shows that smoking-even light smoking-may increase the incidence of stroke.” Dr. Ren HorowitzA lung specialist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City told Healthline.
“This mechanism seems to be unrelated to hypertension [high blood pressure]”High blood pressure can cause a stroke,” he added. “Smoking causes a decrease in arterial extensibility, which may explain this phenomenon.”
Dr. Andrew HornsHealthline, a medical director of stroke services at Northwell Health’s Southside Hospital in Bay Shore, New York, said genetic factors play little role in SAH, which could lead to fatal SAH. He said it was important to find environmental factors. One of the environmental factors is smoking.
“You can change environmental factors to reduce risk,” he explained. “The study found that a set of twins who smoked one and did not smoke the other had a higher mortality rate due to SAH in the smoked twins. There was also a correlation with increased alcohol use. However, it is assumed that smokers also consume more alcohol. This is another reason to quit smoking. “
However, it only lights up occasionally, so some smokers think it’s not dangerous.
Nicole Avena Blanchard, Ph.D., an assistant professor of neuroscience at Mount Sinai Medical School in New York City,
“Over time, tobacco exposure to toxins increases,” Avena-Blanchard told Healthline. “Also, for example, if you smoke only when you drink, but drink three nights each week, the risk of smoking-related conditions increases rapidly.”
“The risk of illness caused by smoking is the same, but less often. [for occasional smokers], ” Dr. Carolyn Dresler, Retired thoracic surgery oncologist and volunteer Smoking and Health Initiatives (ASH), Told the health line.
“One cigarette per day maintains cardiovascular risk. Also, the risk of lung cancer is associated with several years of smoking compared to the number per day.”
Simply put, the risk is lower because you actually smoke less often than you smoke one or two packs a day, but there are still risks.
Dressler states that the addictive nature of nicotine makes it difficult for many smokers to maintain a lighter smoking plan.
The good news is for those who smoke occasionally. It is easier to quit smoking because it is less susceptible to severe nicotine withdrawal.
It is helpful to understand the nature of addiction in the context of smoking cessation.
“Addiction is a repetitive, sometimes very few, brain disorder of the pleasures and euphoria that comes from using substances due to the chemicals released in the brain,” explains Avena-Blanchard. To do.
“At first, addicts use it because they feel good, but they feel terrible when not using it for withdrawal, and basically they just use it to get it back to normal, so use it immediately. I will, “she said.
For light or heavy smokers, dealing with the effects of withdrawal while trying to find the best positive course is overwhelming.
After all, you have a wide range of options, from nicotine patches to talking to doctors and therapists to simply quitting cold turkey.
Dressler says the first step is relatively simple.
“Most people who smoke want to quit smoking and have never started as a young man,” she explained. “So decide.”
Once that decision is made, the actual work begins.
“This data shows that quitting drug therapy and behavioral counseling leads to maximum success,” Dresler said. “Varenicline and cytisine show statistically highest discontinuation rates, followed by bupropion and nicotine replacement therapy (patches, gums, lozenges, etc.) after counseling.”
However, it is worth noting that prescription varenicline is expensive and not available in some countries. Similarly, cytisine is not available in some countries.
For those who are trying to break the habit but are experiencing bumps on the road, it is important to recognize that it is a normal part of the process.
“Understand that most smoking cessations lead to recurrence,” Dresler said. “This is not a failure. It’s the way to the final resignation. Quitting smoking is one of the hardest addictions to break a drug.”
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