Air pollution, high blood pressure, tobacco use, poor diet, and high blood sugar were the top five risk factors for death in India in 2019, according to a new study.
The Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) study, published in The Lancet Journal on Friday, evaluated more than 286 causes of death and more than 369 illnesses and injuries in more than 200 countries and territories worldwide.
India has had a life expectancy of more than 10 years since 1990, but said there is significant inequality between states.
According to researchers including Srinivas Goli of the Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar, India’s life expectancy increased from 59. It lasted for 66.9 years.
But they said that “the increase in” healthy life expectancy “in India is not as dramatic as the increase in life expectancy, as people live more years with illness and disability.
The study found that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as ischemic heart disease, COPD, diabetes and stroke are the leading causes of increased health loss in India over the last 30 years.
According to a 2019 survey, the top five risk factors for death in India are air pollution (which contributes to an estimated 1.67 million deaths), high blood pressure (1.47 million), smoking (1.23 million) and poor diet. It was (1.18 million people). , And hyperglycemia (1.12 million).
Over the last decade, exposure to several preventable risks, including obesity, hyperglycemia, alcohol use, and substance use, has increased by more than 0.5% each year, according to researchers.
They warn that the greatest cumulative health impact comes from a significant increase in metabolic risks such as hyperglycemia, hypertension and high cholesterol, which has risen 1.5% annually since 2010 and accounts for nearly 20% of total health loss. did. Around the world in 2019.
According to this study, these metabolic risks have increased by an astonishing 50% since 1990, causing a huge number of deaths worldwide. In 2019, high blood pressure will contribute to the death of 1 in 5 people (about 11 million people). Hyperglycemia (6.5 million deaths), high BMI (5 million), and high cholesterol (4.4 million).
Scientists said some risk factors highlighted in this study, such as obesity and diabetes, and NCDs are associated with an increased risk of serious illness and death from COVID-19.
In South Asia, non-communicable diseases contributed to more than half of the years lost due to health problems, disabilities, or premature death that were dominated by infectious diseases, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders 30 years ago. They said they were.
For example, researchers found that 58% of India’s total disease burden was due to non-communicable diseases, up from 29% in 1990, and premature death from NCD doubled from 22% to 50%. I said that it is over. ..
Studies show that hypertension is the third major risk factor after air pollution, accounting for 10 to 20 percent of all health losses in eight Indian states, mainly in the south.
“Most of these risk factors are preventable and treatable, and addressing them will bring enormous social and economic benefits,” said the director of the Institute for Health Metrics (IHME) at the University of Washington. Said Christopher Murray, the lead author of the study. ..
“We cannot change unhealthy behaviors, especially those related to dietary quality, caloric intake, and physical activity, partly due to inadequate policy attention to public health and behavioral research. It’s funded, “Murray said.
(Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by NDTV staff and is published from the Syndicate Feed.)