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Pollution may make people more vulnerable to Covid-19: experts explain how

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As winter approaches and the coronavirus blockade eases, Delhi-NCR prepares for months of air quality deterioration. On Sunday morning, the air quality of the capital was in the “bad” category.

According to doctors, poor air quality causes inflammation of the lungs and makes it easier for the virus to enter, so respiratory diseases such as viral flu increase with spikes in pollution levels.

“I was infected with COVID-19 this year. Like a cold, the infection of this virus is expected to increase with increasing levels of contamination. In some cases, it could increase even more rapidly.

Dr. Neeraj Nischal, an associate professor of medicine at AIIMS, told PTI, “It will be a burdensome time for laboratories because we need to deal with patients with coronavirus and non-COVID patients with similar symptoms.” Told.

Experts feel that the worst affected are people of the lower socio-economic class who do not have access to masks and are vulnerable to additional risk factors such as chula smoke.

“Apart from infection, the symptoms of COVID-19, like other viral respiratory illnesses, will be more serious in highly contaminated areas. It puts a strain on the hospital to do this, “said Dr. Nishal.

According to Dr. Neeraj Gupta, a professor of lung, critical care and sleep medicine at Safderjung Hospital, mortality is associated with highly industrialized or urbanized areas with high population density, closeness to people, and high levels of pollution. ..

He said these factors are likely to be even more effective during the holiday season and winter, especially in North India, where stubble burning is common and this has a serious impact on air quality. It was.

“Italy has shown that an increase of 1 unit between PM 2.5 levels and excess mortality may be associated with a 9% increase in COVID-19 mortality,” said Dr. Gupta. He said that adding pollution can also help convey the novel. Coronavirus.

During smog, particulate matter stays in the air near the surface for long periods of time, facilitating the transmission of the virus, he elaborated.

“I really don’t know how this virus behaves, but as pollution levels rise and winter begins, we need to be prepared for the worst,” said Dr. Suranjit Chatterjee, a senior consultant in internal medicine at Apollo Hospital. It would be a dangerous combination. “

He warned that people with respiratory illnesses such as asthma and bronchitis are at a much higher risk of developing coronavirus infections.

“For those who test positive for COVID-19, it will be a double pain and pollution will make things worse,” he told PTI.

Doctors warn that even people who have been infected with COVID-19 in the past are not outside the forest.

“Post-COVID fibrosis and immune palsy make the lungs more susceptible to bacterial pneumonia and other viral respiratory illnesses. Vaccine influenza and pneumonia vaccines to prevent additional infections during these times. I encourage everyone to do that, “he emphasized.

According to Dr. Gupta, a significant number are symptomatological, even after two months, due to an increasing cohort of COVID-19 survivors (43% respiratory complaints). ..

These individuals are particularly vulnerable to chronic airway inflammation and air pollution, which is known to cause inflammation, affect mucus removal, impair immunity, asthma, COPD, pulmonary fibrosis, and more. Rapidly causes airway disorders such as cancer-related conditions.

“Sure, it’s a tough time for patients after COVID,” Gupta added.

Dr. Vivek Nangia, Principal Director and Director of Respiratory Medicine at Max Super Specialty Hospital in Saket, Delhi, said that individuals in high-risk groups suffering from chronic illness at extreme age should stay indoors or at least outdoors. A movement that exposes essential activities.

“Always wear a mask outdoors and stay away from firecrackers during the Diwali festival. Keep the inhaler handy and consult your doctor as soon as possible. Minimize outdoor activity for others. It is highly recommended to keep it to a limit and wear a mask. Time, “he said.

“The number of cases will increase. A study published by Harvard Medical School in the United States shows that for every micron increase in PM 2.5 particles per meter, mortality increases by 8%.” He said.

According to Ministry of Health data updated on Sunday morning, the number of COVID-19 cases in India reached 74,94,551, 61,871 new infections were reported in one day, and the number of recovery surged to 65,97,209 and recovered. The rate was pushed up to 88.03 percent.

The death toll was 1,14,031 and the virus killed 1,033 during the same period.

This story was published from a news agency feed without changing the text.

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