According to a new study, the world’s diet is on track with a world of over 4 billion overweight people by 2050.
And 1.5 billion of those people will be obese, a new report released Wednesday suggests.
Meanwhile, 500 million people may be underweight and live on the edge of hunger
The Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) says that if the current trends in what and how people eat in different parts of the world continue, the already large nutritional gap will widen to the Gulf over the next 30 years. I found.
To predict how global nutrition will change in the coming decades, the first study of this kind shows the types of food people are eating, population growth, food production methods and trends in waste. Was evaluated.
Since 1965, global consumption has been towards highly processed foods, high protein associations, sugar products and carbohydrates.
In the meantime, many people despise vegetables, plant-based and whole foods and healthy starch.
By 2050, the new report predicts that 4 billion people, or about 45% of the world’s population, will be overweight.
Shifts mean more empty calories and a high-fat diet, which certainly packs pounds but doesn’t really do much to fuel our bodies.
Due to innovations in food science, many of our diets are manufactured rather than cultivated.
These treatment methods are cheaper, faster, and less vulnerable to the whims of weather and natural conditions, making them more reliable, but they are not really good for our health.
As a result, by 2010, 29% of the world was already overweight, 9% were considered obese, and their body mass index (BMI) was above 30.
The United States is ahead of the tough times.
Between 2009 and 2010, 35.7 percent of American adults were already obese. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), that number rose to 42.4 percent between 2017 and 2018.
Currently, about 28 percent of the UK population is obese.
And prices are rising only in both countries and much of the world.
By 2050, the PIK report estimates that 16% of the world’s population will be obese and nearly half (45%) will be overweight.
A large population of high rates of obesity and overweight causes and exacerbates some of the world’s most troublesome chronic illnesses-heart disease, diabetes, and being overweight is now COVID-19 Is the greatest risk factor for becoming severe or fatal.
German researchers predict that overall food demand will skyrocket by 50% as wealthy countries suck resources from poorer ones and the number of people who are even hungry increases, doubling demand for milk and meat. I am.
Since 1965, the world has moved to a more processed diet, high in meat, sugar and empty calories, and few whole foods such as fruits and vegetables. This trend, coupled with food demand and rising waste, is set to continue in the coming decades, boosting obesity in rich countries and hunger in poor countries by 2050.
“There is plenty of food in the world. The problem is that the poorest people on the planet don’t have the income to buy it,” said Principal Investigator Dr. Benjamin Bodruski.
“And in rich countries, people do not feel the economic and environmental consequences of wasting food.”
In fact, waste is expected to increase between now and 2050.
These trends, in turn, can lead to accelerated global warming and increased food shortages.
“Increased food waste and increased animal protein consumption mean that the environmental impact of our agricultural system is out of control,” said lead research author Dr. Benjamin Bodruski. I am.
“Whether it’s greenhouse gases, nitrogen pollution, or deforestation, we’re pushing the boundaries of the planet and beyond.”
It would be beneficial for both sides to use the same land and resources that he and his team are currently devoting to producing nutritious foods and instead grow nutritious produce. It claims that it can improve human health and save the planet from the harmful emissions and deforestation that accompany it. Damage to current food production.
“Using the same land, we were able to produce far more plant-based foods for humans than animal-based foods,” said co-author, head of PIK’s Land Use Management Research Group. Alexander Popp explains.
“To put it very simply, the more people eat more meat, the less plant-based foods for others. In addition, foods that can be deforested. More land is needed for production, and as a result of raising more animals, greenhouse gas emissions increase.