- If you are female, sexually active, experiencing menopause, or have certain medical conditions such as diabetes, you may continue to get a UTI.
- To treat recurrent urinary tract infections and reduce future risks, it is important to drink more water, consider different contraceptive methods, and talk to your doctor about natural remedies such as cranberry supplements.
- For more information, visit Insider’s HealthReference library..
Anyone who has had a urinary tract infection (UTI) will say it is annoying and unpleasant, to say the least. A UTI It occurs when bacteria infect part of the urethra.
UTIs are very common. Over 50% of women There is at least one UTI throughout life. Some people will have more, especially if they are susceptible to recurrent urinary tract infections. A recurring UTI is defined as having multiple UTIs per year. G. Thomas Lewis, MDOB / GYN Lead of MemorialCare Orange Coast Medical Center in Fountain Valley, California.
Here are some reasons why UTIs occur repeatedly and how to reduce the risk of UTI recurrence.
1. You are a woman
Women are more likely to have a UTI simply because of their anatomy. With a short urethra and a short distance between the urethral, vaginal, and anal openings, women are more likely to have urinary tract infections. Jane Yoon, MD, OB / GYN of Loma Linda University Health.
Men have a longer urethra and a longer distance between the urethra and anus, which makes them less likely to develop UTI, but it is still possible.What a woman gets a UTI 30 times more than men..
2. You are sexually active
Fucking you too High risk of getting a UTI.. This is because sex can push vaginal and anal bacteria into the urethra, Lewis says. When this bacterium enters the urethra, it can cause infections.
To counter this, Lewis says that you should always urinate after sex to wash away the bacteria and help prevent UTI.
3. You are experiencing menopause
Menopause results Thinning of vaginal tissue When Increased vaginal pH, Yun says. This can alter the vaginal flora or bacteria in the vagina, increasing the risk of developing a UTI. Yun says applying topical vaginal estrogen, such as estrogen cream, can help fight this.
In addition, menopause may be associated with incontinence and incomplete bladder drainage, which can also increase the risk of urinary tract infections.
4. Use the diaphragm
Diaphragms and spermicides can also cause changes in the normal vaginal flora, allowing colonization of bacteria that are more likely to cause UTI, Yun says. In addition, if the diaphragm is too large, it can block the urethra, which is less likely to be the cause.
5. Use irrigation
Douting It is customary to rinse the vagina with water or a mixture purchased at the store. This can also upset the normal flora in the vagina and allow the overgrowth of bacteria that cause UTIs, Yun said.
In addition, doughing can increase the risk of other vaginal infections and inflammation, such as bacterial vaginosis and yeast infections. Overall, Yun says gynecologists usually advise against douting.
6. You may have a specific medical condition
Certain medical conditions increase your chances of getting a UTI. Some of these are:
- Diabetes: Diabetes can weaken the immune system and make it more susceptible to UTIs. In addition, Lewis states that the urine of diabetics tends to contain high levels of glucose that can promote bacterial growth.
- Autoimmune disease: Autoimmune diseases increase the risk of UTI by reducing immune function, Lewis says.
- Pelvic organ prolapse: If any of the organs escape, it can be difficult to completely empty the bladder, Lewis says. This can allow bacteria to multiply and cause UTIs. Pelvic organ prolapse It occurs when the muscles that support the organs weaken and move in and out of the vagina.
- pregnancy: Pregnancy makes it difficult to completely empty the bladder and increases the chances of developing a UTI.Prevalence of UTI during pregnancy is ubiquitous 2% to 13%..
How to treat recurrent urinary tract infection
If you have a recurrent urinary tract infection, there are some simple changes you can make to reduce your risk. According to Yun, these include:
- Increase water intake. Yun says he aims for 1.5 to 2 liters of water a day. “Everyone is unique, so I often tell patients to look at urine color as an indicator of hydration. For healthy patients, clear pale yellow urine is good,” says Yun.
- Consider new contraceptive options that are less relevant to UTI, such as oral contraceptives, IUDs, and non-spermicide condoms.
- Urination after sex and wiping before and after using the bathroom.
- Because I’m taking cranberry supplements Cranberries contain proanthocyanidins (PAC) It may help prevent bacteria from adhering to the inner wall of the bladder.
If none of these work and there is still a recurrent urinary tract infection associated with sexual intercourse, Yun says a single dose of antibiotics may be prescribed after sexual intercourse to prevent the infection. You know that UTIs are related to sex if symptoms occur within the first few days after sex, usually within the first day thereafter, Yun says.
“I try to avoid daily antibiotic prophylaxis as much as possible because of side effects and concerns about bacterial resistance, but it’s very effective for people who need this option,” says Yun.
In addition, Lewis says that if the above strategies do not help, it may be helpful for people with repeated UTIs to see a urologist. Urologists can look at the bladder to determine if anatomical things that may be contributing to UTI are happening.
UTIs, especially regular UTIs, can be very annoying. Fortunately, there are many precautions you can take to prevent UTI, such as urinating after sexual intercourse, hydration, trying different contraceptive methods, and taking cranberry supplements. You also have reliable treatment options and get a UTI. If you are suffering from recurrent urinary tract infection, feel free to see your doctor.
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