While there is extensive research on traumatic brain injury in athletes and military personnel, little of the same data is available on concussion and head and neck injuries caused by the violence of intimate partners.
Carrie Esopenko, an assistant professor of rehabilitation and exercise science at the Rutgers School of Health Professions, said the World Health Organization estimates that one in three women will experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime. I am. 30% to 90% of women experiencing Physical abuse In the hands of an intimate partner experience Head trauma. However, not enough data has been collected to understand how this head injury affects cognitive and psychological function, as well as the underlying neurological effects.
Esopenko is part of a new intimate partner violence working group that studies head injuries associated with intimate partner violence as part of the NeuroImaging Genetics Enhancement (ENIGMA) consortium through meta-analysis. Scale analysis and neuroimaging and genetic studies in patient groups. She discusses the potential effects of head injuries from intimate partner violence on individuals and the challenges facing working groups in data collection recently published in the journal. Brain imaging and behavior..
What is the risk of traumatic brain injury in an abusive person?
Violence by intimate partners can occur at any age, but it is most prevalent in the 18-24 age group, and older people are also vulnerable. Men and women experience IPV, but violence against women tends to cause more serious and chronic injuries.Due to the high degree of physical aggression associated with this type of abuse, there is a significant risk of trauma brain Injury Caused by blunt trauma, it can be shaken or pushed violently.
Another important concern is anaerobic brain injury, which can be caused by strangling or trying to interfere with normal breathing. The prevalence of head injuries in women with persistent IPV is estimated to be between 30% and 92%, and a high percentage of these women report injuries as a result of strangulation. It is estimated that more than 50% of women exposed to intimate partner violence suffer from multiple brain injuries due to abuse-related head injuries.
What are the consequences of such an injury?
Past studies have suggested that IPV can have neurological effects as well as cognitive and psychological effects.These appear to be exacerbated in people suffering from brain damage as a result of physical and / or sexual trauma to the head, face, neck or body violence.. However, the understanding of the neurobehavioral and neurobiological effects of head trauma is limited.
Studies show women who have experienced IPV report Cognitive impairmentIncludes impaired reaction time, reaction suppression, working memory, attention, and a variety of other cognitive, behavioral, and emotional difficulties. They often report advanced mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, substance use disorders, suicidal ideation, and PTSD.There is proof of that Intimate partner violenceThe associated brain injury also changes Brain function And structure.
What is known about traumatic brain injury in victims of domestic violence?
Under research Traumatic brain injury Other populations, such as athletes and the military, have seen a dramatic increase over the last two decades, and research on intimate partner-related brain injuries is highly studied. Gender, socioeconomic status, race and / or ethnicity, age at first exposure (childhood trauma, duration and severity of IPV exposure, and mental illness to IPV-related neurological, cognitive, and psychological consequences You need to know more about the effects of). Related brain injury. Knowing this will help you predict outcomes and personalize your treatment and intervention strategies.
What are the goals of the working group?
An important challenge remains to understand the interaction between intimate partner-related brain damage and cognitive and psychosocial functions, mental health and neurological outcomes. What is important is the identification and characterization of brain injury in this population. This is often difficult due to the brain. trauma It is often overlooked or undiagnosed in this population. By forming global collaborations across disciplines such as researchers, clinicians, first responders, community organizations, and policy makers, you can coordinate measurements available across the group for consistent data collection and scale. We would like to be able to answer these difficulties by combining various data sets. Ask questions and facilitate further translation of research findings into clinical care and community-based support.
Global Collaboration to Study Head Injuries Related to Violence of Carrie Esopenco and Other Intimate Partners: ENIGMA Consortium IPV Working Group, Brain imaging and behavior (2021). DOI: 10.1007 / s11682-020-00417-0
Quote: The effects of head trauma from intimate partner violence are largely unrecognized (January 14, 2021). Obtained from January 14, 2021 https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-01-effects-trauma-intimate-partner-violence.html
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