Two new variants of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus have been discovered in Ohio. One is called the “Columbus stock” because scientists believe it became dominant in the city at the end of last year.
Columbus stock, COHAccording to scientists at Ohio State University, .20G / 501Y has three mutations never seen before (OSU) Wexner Medical center and medical school.It seems to be in the most popular form COVID In the city in 3 weeks from late December 2020 to January 2021 According to the news release.
Variants are a type of virus and are sometimes used interchangeably with the term strain, but mutations are changes in the genes of the virus that are collected during replication. Mutations are a natural part of the virus’s life cycle, and in most cases the behavior of the virus remains unchanged. A collection of mutations constitutes a variant.
Dr. Dan Jones, Vice Chairman of the Department of Molecular Pathology OSU The person who led the research statement: “This new Columbus strain has the same genetic backbone as the previous cases we studied, but these three mutations represent significant evolution. This shift is United Kingdom Or South Africa Virus branch. “
Other mutants have at least the same mutations as the separate, more infectious mutants from the UK that entered 50 countriesOn Tuesdays, including the United States, Maryland And Wisconsin It has become the latest state to report that a British variant has been identified.
The team believes the mutation occurred in a patient in Ohio, and it is unclear how widespread it is in the population.
Changes in both variants affect peplomers. COVID Viruses are used to invade the body. The Columbus strain is believed to have undergone infectious changes, similar to the variants that emerged in the United Kingdom and South Africa, but further research is needed to confirm this.
According to CNBC, Jones said at a press conference Wednesday that it was premature to know if Columbus strains were more infectious than past forms, but judging by the rate of spread over the past few weeks. There is a high possibility that it is.
The team issued findings after monitoring changes to the genetic makeup of COVID Viruses collected from patients after March 2020.Information is OSU Wexner Medical center press statements and data will be submitted to Pre-Print server BioRxivThat is, they have not yet gone through a rigorous peer review process.
Co-author of the study Peter Squirmles, Chief Scientific Officer, Ohio State University Wexner The Medical Center of the School of Medicine and the Vice Dean of Research said in a statement: “At this time, we do not believe that these mutations affect the efficacy of the vaccines currently in use.”
Squirmles “It’s important not to overreact to this new variant until we get additional data.
“We need to understand the effects of mutations on viral infections, the spread of strains in populations, and whether they have even more significant impacts on human health. In addition, we need to continue to monitor the evolution of the virus. It’s important, so you can understand the impact of the variant on both diagnostic and therapeutic designs. It’s important to make decisions based on the best science. “
Ian Jones, a professor of virology at the University of Reading in the United Kingdom who was not involved in the research, said: Newsweek: “Ohio variants are the latest to report changes in peplomer proteins that can affect the ability of the virus to invade cells. This is because the virus excels in the early stages of infection. Therefore, it is consistent with the enhancement of communication.
“So far, all such variants tested are susceptible to vaccine-induced immunity and need confirmation, but this is probably the case as well. Infection still requires close contact, so society Target distance measurement is more important than ever. “
Jason McDonald, spokesman for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, said CNBC The agency is reviewing the findings.
Dr. Bruce Vanderhoff, Ohio Health Department Chief Health Officer CNBC He was “not surprised” by the emergence of new variants in the state, but “more infectious strains made more people sick, more people hospitalized, and eventually more. I’m always concerned about such events, as they can be fatal to people. “
He said: “What kind of stock COVID-19, People can continue to protect themselves by consistently wearing masks, at least 6 feet away, avoiding crowds, ventilating indoor spaces and washing their hands frequently. “
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