When Brexit’s transition period ends, a new UK immigration system will be introduced next year.
The main change will be the end of the EU civil liberties movement who wants to come to the UK to live and work from January 1, 2021.
Instead, there will be a new point-based system where anyone who wants to live or work here will need 70 points to get a visa.
Points will be awarded for key requirements, such as being able to speak English up to a certain level, getting a job offer from an approved employer, and meeting the minimum pay standard, reports The Mirror.
The new immigration regime is designed to reduce the number of low-skilled immigrants entering the UK and to make visas easier for high-skilled workers. There is no limit to the number, according to the government.
The new system is incredibly complex, so if you don’t want to read 130 pages of government documents, here’s a very basic guide on how it works.
How does the system work?
From January 1, 2021, EU immigrants will no longer be able to travel to the UK to work freely.
Instead, all workers, whether EU or not, must score 70 points according to a system designed to evaluate their skills and salaries.
The job they’re coming to must be sponsored by an employer approved by the home office and pay 20,480 or more (often higher).
Separately, there are routes for students, recent graduates, dependents, and other youth to stay in the UK without a job search.
However, coming to the UK usually requires a job offer that meets several requirements.
More Related Articles More Related Articles What is a point system?
Under the new rules, “skilled” workers can only get a UK work visa if they have scored 70 points.
Before immigrants earn any points, their job must pay at least 20,480 per year.
To get started, you must meet all of the following non-negotiable points to get 50 points: They must:
Receive job offers from licensed sponsors (20) Speak English according to accepted standards (10) Verify that job offers are at skill level RQF3 (level A equivalent) or higher (20)
Then they must also earn 20 additional “tradeable” points by earning a higher salary, working in a job that is scarce, or earning a PhD.
People can get these charging points in the following ways.
At least 25,600 or the promotion rate for that job, whichever is higher (20) There is a job offer for a job that is insufficient (20) A new entry into the labor market (20) A doctorate in a relevant STEM subject (20)) How Does the 10 Salary Standards for PhD in Non-STEM Subjects Work?
There is no route for so-called “unskilled” work.
Anyone applying for a “skilled work” visa in the UK must earn at least 20,480.
However, many applicants will find that they will have to earn a higher salary to get the 20 additional “tradeable” points they need.
Additional points are assigned to the set threshold or “progression” for the task, whichever is higher.
10 points (whichever is higher) for earning at least 23,040 or more than 90% of turnover. 20 points for earning a minimum of 25,600 or 100% of the progress of the task, whichever is higher.
The “progress rate” varies widely. It’s 67,300 for top executives, but only 21,800 for hotel managers.
The 20,480 minimum salary is absolute and applies whether someone is part-time or full-time. No matter what, every year you should at least earn that money.
However, as long as the cash amount salary criterion (25,600, 23,040 or 20,480) is met, it can be processed in proportion to the working hours.
How much is the fee?
Experienced workers pay a 610 application fee (1,220 for stays of 3 years or more) if they apply for a visa outside the UK.
If you’re staying for more than 3 years with a scarce job, it drops to 464 or 928.
Also, to use the NHS, you must pay an immigration health surcharge, which increases to 624 per year.
Meanwhile, employers are required to pay 1,000 “immigration skills fees” per worker per year.
Charities and small businesses receive a discount of 364 per year as they do now.
What about NHS workers?
There are health and care visas that offer fast track entry, dedicated assistance, and discounts on 610 standard visa application fees.
Visa holders and immediate family members are exempt from the immigration health surcharge.
Applicants must meet the basic requirements that other skilled workers do.
However, you do not need to meet the bonus “tradeable” requirements.
Instead, a person with a health and care visa can receive an additional score of 20 points even if he pays only 20,480 as long as his job is on the list of health occupations.
Full list of professions eligible for a’Health and Care Visa’ Biological scientist and biochemist Physical scientist Medical practitioner Psychologist pharmacist Ophthalmology optician Dentist Medical radiologist Podiatrist Health specialist Not elsewhere Classified Physiotherapist Occupational therapist Speech therapist Classified otherwise Therapist Nurse Midwife Social Worker Paramedic See More Related Articles See More What About Social Workers?
Under the “reckless” plan, there is no dedicated route for middle school level care home staff to work in the UK from January.
Also, it is not possible to apply for a dedicated’health and care visa’.
Instead, junior-level nursing home staff can only come to the UK if they arrive by way other than the “skilled” route.
This may include coming to the UK as a student, under a youth transfer plan, or as a dependent of someone who is already here.
It is understood that most social workers will not pass the basic test for skilled workers because their skill level is RQF1, not RQF3. Also, many people earn less than the absolute minimum of 20,480.
Care “managers” are listed on the blueprint for skilled jobs, but government sources have confirmed that junior care workers will most likely not qualify in that pathway.
How about your UK vacation?
Vacationers, students and business visitors can come to the UK for up to 6 months in most cases.
Visitors may enter the UK multiple times during that period, but may not actually reside in the UK through repeated or consecutive visits.
They cannot work or have access to public funds.
How about your family?
There is no “unskilled” route, but students and dependents can come to the UK.
Spouses, spouses, and children under the age of 18 are considered dependents just like other family members.
Then they don’t go through a payroll test and in many cases can work in the UK.
How are the students?
Students also have to score 70, but that’s a different way. If you put all of the following items together, you get 50 points.
Academic Pass Verification Course Requirements Approved Qualification Requirements Academic Level Requirements Academic Place Requirements
To get 10 points, you must:
Financial requirements English language requirements
Graduate programs are open in the summer of 2021, allowing students to stay for two years after completing their degree and find work.
It takes 3 years for PhD graduates.
What about highly skilled workers?
This allows the few of the most skilled workers who can achieve the required level of score to enter the UK without a job offer, provided they are approved by “relevant and competent institutions”.
This includes science, technology, engineering, and math professionals.
Points are awarded for factors such as academic qualification, age and related work experience, and routes are limited.
What about criminals?
Foreign criminals sentenced to more than one year in prison may be banned from entering the UK.
This change means that criminals in the European Union are now treated the same as criminals in non-EU countries.
Anyone sentenced to one year or more in prison in England can be deported.
People who wish to enter the UK may also be denied entry if:
Persistent criminals who have committed seriously harmed crimes who specifically ignore the law Their character, behavior, or association means that their presence is not in the public interest. Will the total number of migrants decrease?
We don’t know. Tories scrapped its long-failed target, reducing net migrations to “tens of thousands” each year. There is no limit to the number.
The figures through March of this year show the scale of the challenges facing ministers who have pledged to curb net migration.
It was the highest since 93,000 in 1975, when about 404,000 people outside the EU began recording.
The difference in the number of non-EU net migrants also reached a new high of 282,000.
Net EU migration fell from 75,000 a year ago to 49,000 after hitting more than 200,000 in 2015.
Overall net migrations increased from 232,000 in the same period in 2018 to 270,000.
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